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September 1, 2005     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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4 SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON Farmer's ADVOCATE - Thursday, September 1,2005 VOLUME 1' GUEST EDITORIALS Of course universities should assert control over athletics The Charleston Daily Mail In 16 years as basektball coach for the Unjiversity of Cincinnati, Bob Huggins rebuilt a sorry program into one that went 399-127. His teams made 14 straight appearances in the NCAA tourna- ment. But the program also wrote a history of poor graduation rates and player arrests. The NCAA put Cincinnati on two years' proba- tion in 1998 after concluding there was a lack of institutional con- trol. Huggins also embarrassed the school last year with a drunk- en driving conviction. The videotape of his field sobriety test was shown nationally. In May, Cincinnati President Nancy Zimpher refused an auto- matic extension of his contract. Last week, with the support of the board of trustees and of Athletic Director Bob Goin, she gave Hug- gins the choice of resigning or being fired. He resigned. "We expect to recruit very strong students, both on the court and in the classroom," Zimpher said. ''We expect our coaches to be role models, and we expect our students to be role models. I will not apologize for setting high standards." Cincinnati, an academic institution, has finally decided to as- sert control over its athletic programs. More colleges and univer- sities should do the same. What people tolerate, they teach. When universities refuse to tolerate poor scholarship and thuggish behavior, students learn from that as well. MY QUEST O E ? Oo / Re-enlistments show the troops are in support of the war in Iraq 2, How is the liberation of Iraq going? Has America made a big :mistake? Or is the freedom of 24 million people worth some ef- fort? While everyone is entitled to an opinion and has a right to ex- press it, the people on the front lines seldom are heard. But they do have opinions, and they vote with their feet. The Defense Department reports that soldiers are re-enlisting at rates that exceeded expectations by 9 percent, enough to offset the shortfalls in recruiting. Units that have served or are serving in Iraq have the highest retention rates. The Third Infantry Division, now serving its second tour of Iraq, exceeded its re-enlistment goal by 12 percent. The First Cavalry Division exceeded its goal by 38 percent. In fact, all 10 Army divi- sions surpassed their goals. Said Gen. Paul Schoomaker, the Army chief of staff: 'The Army :is a long way from being broken, and we're not on the path to breaking it." The retention rate shows that those who serve understand the mission better than those who haven't. As for recruiting shortfalls, many left-wing college professors and students vehemently oppose allowing military recruiters on campus. It's odd that many who enjoy American freedom don't have a clue about what it took to secure that feedom. BY HENRY BOLTINOFF HOCUS -FOCUS FIND AT LEAST 6 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PANELS. 6UlSSlLU sl eltlOe "9 'lueJeJ;tp sl ~lee "g "lueJe~p s! eu!lHOeN "~ "Je~Joqs s! uoJdv "g "JOllmUS s! elnieds "g "Su!ss!uJ me S~3p ),OH "I. :sooueJe~O ~2005 by King Features Syndicate, Inc. World rights reserved. (USPS 510-960) ESTABLISHED 1844 Published Weekly on Thursday by The Jefferson Publishing Company, Inc. 210 North George Street Charles Town, West Virginia Telephone: (304) 725-2046 Mail Address: P.O. Box 966 periodicals paid at Charles Town, W. Va. 25414 Charles Town and additional Periodicals Postage Paid mailing offices Annual t To Jefferson County addresses $23.00 (including tax) To all other West Vaginia addresses $2E00 (including tax) To all other USA addresses $26.00 (no tax required) EDITOR & PUBLISHER Edward "Pat" Dockeney POSTMASTER: Please send address change to The Spirit of Jefferson-Farmer's Advocate, P.O. Box 966, Charles Town, WV 25414. By Bill Tberiault While Virginia speculators were attempting to settle as much land as possible, their claims were being disputed by Thomas Lord Fairfax, who had become the sole inheritor of a patent issued in 1669 by Charles II of England. Fair- fax claimed all lands lying be- tween the Potomac and Rappa- hannock Rivers, including the lands of Samuel Taylor and Is- rael Friend, and he petitioned the Crown in 1733 to prevent the Virginia legislature from granting lands within the area he claimed. His actions prompt- ed the Crown to have the North- ern Neck surveyed in 1736. The map of the survey was delivered 'to Governor Gooch of Virginia the following year Except for the few Regal land grants issued in 1734, no new Virginia patents were forth- coming in the Bakerton area for another 20 years -- until the first round of the Hite-Fairfax dispute ended and the Treaty of Lancaster was signed. On the Maryland side of the Potomac River, the colonial government began issuing pat- ents in 1738, and Maryland settlement continued during the hiatus in Virginia. Near Antietam Creek, patents were issued to William Chapline (The Strife, 100 acres, 1749) and John House (Mill Place, 25 acres, 1747). William Stroop, who would obtain several Fair,- fax Grants during the next de- cade, obtained a ll0-acre pat- ent called Rogue's Harbor in 1753. On April 6, 1745, the Crown defined Fairfax's rights: ex- cept for regal grants already is- sued, Lord Fairfax owned the lower Shenandoah Valley, in- chding all of present Jefferson and Berkeley Counties. When Fairfax set up an office at Gre- enway Court (Virginia) in July 1749 and began to sell land in the Shenandoah Valley, Hite sued Fairfax for recovery of his lost lands; the matter was not settled for another 40 years. At the same time, Fairfax lodged numerous complaints against Hite, including the.irrefutable charge that Hite reduced the value of unpatented lands by allowing a few settlers to claim most of the lands along water- ways. The grants issued by Lord Fairfax differed from the ear- lier Regal grants both in the methods of payment and re- strictions on the use of proper- ty. Most Fairfax grantors held their property under a system of lease and release in which a down payment was made and an annual quitrent was paid on St. Michaelmas Day. These grants also required that the grantor be entitled to "a full third part of all Lead, Copper, Tin, Coals, Iron Mines and Iron Oar that shall be found there- on." These restrictions had not been included in the previously issued Regal Grants. Several patents were issued in the area during 1751, pri- marily to families who had pur- chased land from Jost Hite. Some of them, such as the Lu- cas and Buckles families, may have lived in this area since the early 1730's. The original patent of Edward Lucas lay on the west side of the junction of Flowing Springs Road and Halltown Pike, that of Robert Buckles adjoined Lucas on the east and extended to the edge of Samuel Taylor's 1734 pat- came deeply involved in the con- ent. Both families came to the flicts during the French-Indian area from an English Quaker War and the Revolution. settlement on the Delaware River, and both acquired ad- THE ENGLE FAMILY ditional patents closer to the The land originally settled by Potomac River in later years, the Engles shed light on the ear- While the conflict betweenly settlement of thb area and the Hite and Fairfax continued, a controversy surrounding the Ka- larger struggle was develop- trina Bierlin tombstone men- ing that would dramatically tioned in previous articles. In affect a wider area. The Trea- addition, Engle land ownership ty of Lancaster (1744) had ac- expanded eastward, toward the celerated the expansion, of Potomac River during the 18th Virginia's western frontier century, and many of the so- and intensified the conflict cial ties existing between the with the French and Indians Elk Branch-Duffields neighbor- over land rights. During the hood and the Bakerton area are same year, France and Eng-the result of this family's move- land found themselves on op- ments. Melchior Engle, the pro- posing sides in the current genitor of the Engle family in conflict with Spain and the West Virginia, arrived in Penn- War of Austrian Succession. By 1753, France`had drawn Ohio Indian tribes, including the Shawnees, Delawares, and Mingoes, away from their allegiance to the Iroquois. Most Indians vanished from the Virginia and Maryland frontier during the spring of 1754, having been enlisted by the French to help over- run the Shenandoah Valley. Fighting broke out in Penn- sylvania during July of that year. Despite the threat of Indi- an attack, settlers continued to migrate to the area. First upon the scene was Melchior Engle, who received his pat- ent (to the west near Duff- ields) in January 1754. Dur- ing the next year, grants were i~sued to Thomas Mayburry, Joseph McCamish, Richard Barber, William Wright, and John Carney. Mayburry's grant encompassed the mouth of Elk Run on the Potomac river, and western portions of Elk Run became part of the Engle and McCamish tracts. Land purchased by the other three grantees lay north and west of River Bend. Samu- el Taylor and Robert Buckles acquired new patents during the same period. This sudden wave of settle- ment appears to have been part of ~rginia's plan to pre- vent France's access to the Tidewater area. Thus set- tlers arriving from 1751 to 1765 became part of Virgin- ia's first line of defence. The fate of all these fami- lies cannot be presented here, but the Buckles and Engles must be mentioned because of their role in the development of the Bakerton area. THE BUCKLES FAMILY Robert Buckles came to the area with his wife Ann Brown from an English Quaker set- tlement on the Delaware Riv- er. The actual time of his ar- rival is not known, hut the couple probably came to the area about the same time as their neighbor, Edward Lu- cas. Buckles' original pat- ent of 407 acres was issued on June 14, 1751/ and it is located just east of the junc- tion of Flowing Springs Road and Halltown Pike. The east- ernmobt line of this grant adjoined Samuel Taylor's 1734 patent. He acquired a 403-acre patent in 1754 ad- joining the southeastern tip of his original grant and the southern boundary of Samuel Taylor's 1754 purchase. The Buckles family, like the En- gles, would later acquire ad- ditional land between Hall- town Pike and the Potomac River. The Buckles family be- son to his land there in 1757. for Catherine been found, and idence that she journey. If this her grave is liest m numerous by that time. was a saddler by but it is ued this trade to the area. He did stantial number cattle, and farming have been the tion of Engle and also operated a sibly to convert into a more ity. Melchior sylvania in the early 1730's and slave owner even was naturalized in 1743. Hiser generations of mother Catherine married wid- slave labor ower John Michael Beyerle af- gle's arrival in the ter the death of Melchior's fa- eve of the ther; J.M. Beyerle is known to his ownership of s have arrived from Germany intols, and his sons' 1730. Melchior Engle received service in the a patent to 397 acres near Duff- htion suggest ields on January 1, 1754, and family actively purchased another 105 acres in farm while their June of the same year from his a foothold neighbor Thomas Hart. Engle Melchior Engle probably brought his wife Mag- and was buried delena (Mary) and sons John,yard at Dufflelds George, Michael, William, and ingplace of Philip to the area from Lancast- left 100 acres er County, Pennsylvania, short- Wright and ly before this time. However, the to Philip Engle, land may have been occupied by adjacent to Engle relations several decades John Humphreys before he arrived. Family tra- Engle, and the dition suggests that Jacob En- Mary to be gle, who arrived in Philadelphia tween sons John, with his father Paul in 1682, William at her moved to the Duffields area in John, George, 1707 and built a fort. If this tra- liam, and dition is true, then Jacob Engle their father's is probably a relative of Mel- shortly before the chior. According to one source, Although several Cattana Biern was the daugh-moved into thb ter of John Biern, one of the men of the decade, said to have helped Jacob Engle little substantial establish a fort at Duffields in during this 1707. She is supposed to have may have been been killed in an Indian attack Elk Run at on the fort; the sandstone mark- and forge er with the disputed date was by Gersham reportedly brought from Phila- liam Vestal on delphia to mark the spot where ah River. There i~: she was buried. If such a story that is to be believed, the Jacob En- church. Most gle settlement would be one of of the area the earliest in Jefferson Coun- lated from their ty and the woman beneath thefortified houses tombstone is not a member ofa few acres the Engle family. A more con- Before servative interpretation holds al and industrial that Melchior's mother, Cathe- could occur, rine Beyerle, accompanied her would have to be Perplexed Over Lack o To the Editor: Last week a stray kitten appeared on my nothing but feed it and of course, it stayed. 7 inside cats and could not have another. PAWS: "It is kitten season and we can't take it. Jefferson County Animal Society: day so no answer when I called on Monday. Briggs: We take no cats. (I have heard they money on staff.) A local vet would not euthanize it. Berkeley County: Bring it here! Thank God County. The same thing happened last year with a With the above information, where do you ties lie? For cat, I gave a $100 donation $5o. I sincerely hope they will be as accepting the need help.