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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
August 24, 1978     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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August 24, 1978

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2 SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON Farmer's ADVOCATE THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1978 IT'S FAIR TIME AGAIN One of the truly remarkable and certainly most enjoyable annual events of every year in Jefferson County is upon us again, the Jefferson County Fair. Next Monday night it will be the 26th annual Fair which will take the county's spotlight, and this unique event will hold forth at the Jefferson County Fair grounds until late Saturday night. This event, which opens at noon Monday, August 28, with the registration of exhibits, provides a wonderful opportunity for both young and older people to get together and participate in a real outdoor ex- travaganza which will offer a lot in the way of en- tertainment, culturally and otherwise for people of all ages. Each year the Jefferson Fair keeps getting "bigger" and "better" and we doubt now there is any event staged on a week-long basis in the county that can equal and surpass it. The Jefferson County Fair has grown in such proportions over the past several years, it is at- tracting people not only of the county, but near and far. But what makes it such a successful community affair is that hundreds of both rural and urban boys and girls, and men and women participate in it, thus making it not only a sort of a family type of produc- tion, but a shot that has something for the entre family. We wish we had the magic words that would incite your enthusiasm for the fair to the peak that a team of wild horses could not keep you away. We don't, but if you take the time and trouble to visit the fair grounds located on the Leetown Road, just one time, we feel sure you will go back again and again. Nobody likes to do anything because it's obligatory. So we're not going to insist you attend, but if you do, we believe you will experience a touch of wonder that can only be found at a county fair. This year's fair promises to offer more of everything than ever before. Entertainment has been planned to appeal to a variety of tastes. A big carnival operating on the fairway helps to provide the carnival atmosphere. Then there are beauty contests for the lovelies, bands and teen-age queens. There will be fine music by the Jefferson High Band and the county's Junior High tractor driving and pulling contest; horse pulling and greased pig, as well as other contests, and in addition to a lot of fine local entertainment, there will be some professional en- tertainment presented both Friday and Saturday nights. And of course the fair officials have made sure there will be plenty of food and refreshments for the thousands of fair-goers being anticipated. And cer- tainly, unlike sitting alone in your living room before the television set, you will enjoy the various activities among folks you ordinarily see only at fair time. The fair has always been a success only because of the whole-hearted backing of the people who go to this annual summer show, that is why it is so imPortant we see you at the fair. Aug. 18, 1978 Mr. Don Rentch, Editor Spirit of Jefferson Charles Town, W. Va. Dear Sir, Much has been Written and said about the serious im- plications that the ratification of the ERA would bring about. Many have scoffed at some of the predictions of serious changes this will bring. However, as proof of some of these extremes, I should like to quote from Bulletin published by- the Republican Study Com- mittee, U.S. House of Representatives, Cannon Building, of August 11, 1978. "HEW has recently ordered public schools in Bellevue, Washington, to start spanking equal numbers of boys and girls -- or it will lose nearly $1 million in federal education aid. The Bellevue public schools allow corporal punishment to be administered to students byi teachers. The schools, however, were the subject of a complaint to HEW which said more boys than girls were being spanked, and therefore sex discrimination was involved. HEW studied the matter for six years, and afterwards decided that -- based on statistics of the actual number of boys versus girls spanked -- that the situation was discrimi- natory. It then ordered the schools to start spanking equal numbers of girls and boys. Furthermore, the schools must submit a plan to HEW detailing how they intend to go about implementing this order." If these drastic measures can be put into force before the ERA ever becomes the law of the land, we can he sure they will continue to be enforced ff ERA ever becomes ratified. At present, we have laws in our land that 'protect the rights of women, namely: 1. The Equal Pay Act of 1963; 2. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; 3. Civil Rights Commission Act of 1972; 4. Higher Education Act of 1972; 5. Revenue Act of 1971; 6. Com- prehensive Health and Man- power Amendment Act of 197i and Nurses Training Amend ment Act of 1971; 7. Small Business Act of 1973 etc. (If anyone wishes to know the remaining five, with a short description of them, I should be' happy togive them to you. These are taken from an article by Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah, Conservative Digest, July, 1978.) It would be far easier to enact specific laws for further changes if they be desired; legal actions which would cause much less furor than during this maelstrom created by the pursuit of a constitutional amendment. But when something is added to the Constitution, it opens the door for limitless court cases. Senator Ervin, himself a leading Constitutional lawyer, says that it is the most drastic piece of legislation ever to be enacted, and will affect 250 laws of our land - a complete upheaval. If you thought the Civil Rights Amendment would ever have been interpreted to bring abetK the Bakke case, imagine what n be done when not only race, hut sex must be considered for quotas. Senator Ervin has said that Americans should pray, "Lord, forgive us, for we know not, at we do." Have you let your senators know how you feel? Sincerely yours, Dorothy W. Conklyn KearneysviUe, W. Va. August 19,1978 Editor Spirit of Jefferson Charles Town, W. Va. Dear Mr. Reatch: This letter is in response'to a recent editorial and a letter to the editor indicating negative views about the metric system, Let's look at the reasor behind U3. metric education before judging it. The main reason for con- verting to metric units in the United States concerns a need for making product ports in- terchangeable worldwide and to have a common world language of measurement because modern technology is making this a smaller world where better communication is required. Manypeople have had the experience of buying a foreign car or appliance, then waiting weeks for metttc sized repair parts to arrive when something broke or wore out/ The same problem occurs when people overseas buy U.S. inch- bused products and need repair parts. So why don't our foreign customers stock the inch- MORE The Potomac Edison Company, which serves this area of West Virginia, a portion of Virginia and a part of Maryland, is preparing to ask for further increases in rates paid by consumers. This preparation is preceded by a great deal of publicity dealing with Potomac Edison's financial shortcomings; its possible inability to issue mortgage bonds to meet construction expenses; and the lowering of the firm's bond rating for the first time in the company's history. PE officials say inflation and inadequate i'ates have resulted in such poor earnings that the utility is unable to sustain the financial coverage it needs to issue mortgage bonds. Moody's Investor Service, Inc., recently dropped PE's bond rating from A to Baa, giving it the lowest rating of any electric utility in Maryland. Companies with worse bond ratings must pay higher interest to attract investors because their bonds are seen as a greater risk. Speaking for the company, John McCardell, PE vice president and general manager, says "we have always been fearful of a bond derate. Regulatory brinkmanship keeps us there all of the time." --When McCardell speaks of regulation, he is speaking directly of the public service commissions of the three states served by Potomac Edison. And he is suggesting these regulatory bodies are not giving PE the rate increases they must have to remain in good financial standing. The Moody analyst, unnamed, told an area newspaper that "regulation is the name of the game. The regp]atory climate is not good where Potomac Edison operates. West Virginia is not a good state. Maryl}nd is probably the fairest," the analyst added. The analyst went on to say that PE's financial performance has been mediocre since 1975, but that the winter coal strike made matters even worse. Normally, PE and its parent firm, the Allegheny Power System, sell energy during the winter. This year, they bought energy in great gobs because of the coal shortage. PE was criticized for its failure to maintain sufficient coal reserves. Like any financial analyst, the foregone solution suggested was, simply, "higher rates to improve the situation." When we think of PE, we must think of Allegheny Power System. It's reports, insofar"as they are readable by the general public, show fairly good early profits as of the end of 1977. Allegheny Power IS comprised of Potomac Edison, the Monongahela Power Company of West Virginia, and West Penn of Pennsylvania. There are many who charge the possibility of poor management on the part of PE. One of these is Maryland'Acting Governor Blair Lee who, while on a political tour to Western Maryland, charged that a showdown is fast approaching between his ad- ministration and PE. What has Lee riled is PE's recent claims that it may not be able to meet the power needs of Maryland in the next decade. Lee says he's been openly skep- tical of PE's claims, ever since last winter's coal strike, when his figures about PE's-coal supplies varied considerably from statistics released by PE. Franldy, for us, it is difficult to reach a reasonable conclusion in the matter. And, from the standpoint of the consumer, it is doubly hard trying to remain unbiased and fair, particularly in the face of electric rates which have doubled, even tripled, during the past few years. In West Virginia, the Legislature has authorized a study of the operations of the Public Service Com- mission. Notobecanse it felt the PSC was not doing a good job; but in an effort to simplify its duties and streamline its operations. There is one question that remains unanswered, to our satisfaction, at least. When public utilities all around maintain an "A" rating in the bond market, which means they are showing reasonable growth and profit, why is it that PE, so totally efficient and self-sustaining for years, now finds itself in such a bind? product parts they may need? At present they do but inventory and storage expenses on the parts are making the metric parts more costly to us and the inch repair parts take up space and extra clerical work in foreign countries and cause great expense. This makes competition for foreign trade more difficult for United States exporters as they are competing with foreign companies whose products are already metric. .The next obvious question is why don't our exporters make metric products for overseas and continue to make our inch- pound products here at home? This would raise our costs on inch-peund products and make the metric version of the product considerably higher priced. A manufacturer's expenses drastically increase when two production lines are run. It's much cheaper to make only one size and sell it to everyone. Although the United States exports a fairly small amount of what we produce, one out of every six U.S. employees works on something that goes into an export item or works on the actualexpert item. With one out of ev.ery six U.S. workers unemployed, if we stop ex- porting goods, conditions in this oountry could get pretty rough. To keep the U.S. economy healthy and our people em- ployed cur industry needs to find more sales overseas. This is more likely to happen if we provide them with our superior products in sizes they want -- i.e. metric size. By 1980 the nine European Common Market countries, which include Great Britain, will refuse to import any products not scaled in metric. The United States stands to lose at least thirteen billion dollars per year in foreign trade if we fail to convert to metrics and develop metric education. As a mathematics teacher in the Jefferson County schools for the past seven years I have often asked students to tell me what they knew about our English system of measurement. One activity I have students com- plete is to list all of the English units they know for length, weight and volume. In all of the years I have asked this question, including adults dnd other math and science teachers, I have never received a list larger than forty units from an entire class. This is a grade of 12 percent for there are actually 343 English units for weight, length and volume. Another activity asks qtudents and adults to state numerical equivalents of English forms for weight, length and volume such as the number of pints in a gallon. Fewer than 50 percent of the questions are answered correctly. As you can see no American ciisen really knows the English system. Of the forty units students list for weight, length and volume there are numerous facts about each one. How many ounces are there in a pmmd? The answer to this question depends on which of flwee English weight systems you are using-- avoirdupois, dry measure; apothecary, liquid measure; or troy, precious metals. For example in avoir- OSHA, The Occupational, Safety and Health Ad- ministration is the butt of many jokes. One hardly finds a public speaker who does not make a joke or two about OSHA. One that always goes over with business and industrial persons is the man who appears at the front office door and announces,' "I'm from OSHA, I'm here to help you." A very serious involvement with OSHA in West Virginia is the aftermath of the Willow Island accident that felled 51 men who were on the job. The talk is that concrete was "green" and the job was moving with unsafe concrete. It is now learned that men on the concrete job were on a type of work incentive program meaning that when they got a layer or particular portion poured each day, they had finished that days work and could leave the job for home or another employment. Some thoughts are that in a hurry to get away by 1:00 or 1:30 pm. each day, the workmen rushed the concrete before it was properly dry or set. Why hadn't OSHA properly inspected the codling tower work at Willow Island? Mrs. Bingham the Director of this Federal Agency is reported to have said that the site had not been in- spected since 1977 because she does not have enough inspectors to follow up on complaints much less inspect where there are no complaints. Reference by an dupois weight 16 ounces equals 1 pound. However, in troy weight -- the system used to measure precious metals and gems such as diamonds -- 12 ounces equals 1 pound. Talk about confusion! No wonder students are not sure if there are twelve or sixteen ounces in a pound. For instance today there are thirty-four types of bushels in the United States. A purchaser of potatoes in West Virginia receives 60 pounds per bushel while in Pennsylvania it's 62 pounds per bushel; nautical miles differ from land mile! measurement in the English system; some products are measured as "long tons" and; others as "short tons". Con- fusing? You bet. The irowy of this English system is that Great Britain began a ten year metric con- version in 1965 and abandoned their own system! American school children spend an average of seventeen classroom hours on measurement in the Eugllsh system per year in Grades I-9 with less than a majority of students understanding the system. In British schools students spend 10-11 hours per year in Grades 1-9 on metric measurement and tresearch has shown that more than a majority of the students understand the system. The metric system is based on only three standard units -- the metre, length; litre, volume of capacity; and gram, weight. According to the U.S. Metric Association "ff you're smart enough to hold down a job, you should have no problems with metrics." In fact, even the illiterate curbside traders in India learned to use the metric uaits when their country con- verted and they learned the everyday units' in a matter of hours. The k ey,o learning the metric system is not to convert hack and forth from English to metric units but to find familiar objects that are the size of the metric unit. For example a metre is approximately the width of a twin bed or the distance from the knob to the floor on a standard door. Metric units are marked in tens which makes measuring independent, questioned the capability of OSHA's inspectors. Mrs. Bingham claims her work load is 2000 complaints behind. Since this Occupational, Safety and Health Ad- ministration has created a jealous image for itself by stringent regulations and pride in enforcement, there is no reason it cannot accept some of the blame for the Willow Island disaster. It is true that when a government agency claims regulatory authority and uses rigid enforcements, people in general accept, conditions they would otherwise inspect for themselves. Certainly the men working on the cooling tower at Willow Island had every right to believe the job-and work was being properly inspected. Miners and union locals engage in wildcat strikes oc- casionally in protest over a mine inspector. One of the most dangerous jobs of all is coal mining and the safety of miners is very much dependent upon the mine inspectors. Almost every legislative session has the challenge of raising the qualifications of mine in- spectors. Should he be a college graduate? How much ex- perience in a mine should qualify a man for inspector? Should we use a different in- spector in a deep mine as related to a surface mine? Safety on a job is not something to laugh about. Maybe OSHA should put up some signs saying, "This job has not been inspected." mended to Congress that the U.S. adopt the metric system to eliminate confusion and provide standard world-wide units. Much to his dismay Congress voted to keep the English i system: Jefferson was astonished that the' Congress was eager to accept anything: from the English -- our enemies in the Revolution -- instead of i adopting the system of our allies -- the French. There are many advantages to the system and for years Americans have accepted metric units for cameras, guns and medicines. The metrle system will not only aid foreign trade but reduce confusion at home. For example the number of machine part sises for such items as threads, fasteners, twist drill bits and ball hearings will he greatly reduced with conversion to the metric system. Students in Jefferson County schools find metrics easier to learn than the English system. The high school senior who graduated in 1978 will find 40 percent of today's jobs using the metric system. It is expected that today's second grader, who will graduate in ten years, will find between 90-95 percent of the jobs using metrics. In order to properly equip students to staff future job markets the schools must begin to teach metrics now. As you can see metric education is a basic skill in today's world as is learning to read. During the next year we plan to open a Jefferson County Metric Center to give all citizens the reasons behind and in- formation about the metric system. Additionally, we hope to offer a course for adults through i the Jefferson County Com- munity Education Program. We recognize that any change which requires discarding a long used method and a new learning process is always met with some initial opposition but it is believed that the gradual education of our citizens about the importance of the adoption of i the metric system through your newspaper, the Jefferson County Metric Center, the schools and other media will permit a positive change of attitudes and utilization of the metric 'system. much easier. The metric system is not new and is not a "communist plot". It has been around since 1690. People were going metric during the time of the czars in Russia, prior to communism as we know it. The metric system was neither designed nor conceived by a communist country. In fact, in 1793 the U.S. Congress, in an attempt to Dear Sir: Cordially, W.H.S. White, III "Chairman Mathematics Dept. Charles Town Junior High School Box 656 Charles Town, W. Va. Aug. 20,1978 eliminate the confusion of Separate systems of measurement among the thir- teen states, commissioned the then Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson,  an accomplished engineer and mathematician as well as a statesman, to travel to London to study the English or Winchester system and to Paris to study the metric system. Jefferson wm .cenvinced that the metric system was easier to learn because it was based on a decimal system. He returned to the U.S. with enthusiasm for the metric standardz and recom- I would like to respond to Dr. James Moler's column in the SpirR of Jefferson - Advocate on August 17, 1978, pertaining to taxes, charitable contributiona and tax free foundations. There was an old saying that "money corrupts". Hasn't the time come to ask hasn't tax free money corrupted these organizations? Also money is "power". Ares't the leaders of these orga grasping for more power? I have always understood that any organlsatipn owning tax free property could not as an BTABLISHED 1844 JEFFERSON PUBLISHING CO., INC ......... Donald G. Renfch ..................... R Meade Dorsey . . o e o o o o a Published Every Thursday at 210 North George Street Charles Town, W. Va. 25414 Telephone (304) 725-2046 Subscription Price .... $7.50 a Year Entered in the post office at Charles as second class matter Ad Deadline 4 p, m. Monday News Of Other lO ---YEARS AGO -- 10 For the second time in a week violent electrical storms, two of them moving in from different directions, slash across Jef- ferson County, causing power and communication disruptions. DEATHS: Pattie Jean Glassford, 12, of Shepherdstown, daughter of Jeorge R. Glassford and the late Jo Ann Walker Glassford, drowns while swimming at the Jefferson Memorial Park  pool; Raymond L. Woodard, 62, of Kearneysvitle, dies in a V.A. Hospital in Washington; Mrs. Fred "Hittie" Snyder, 73, of Shenandoah Junction, dies in the local hospital; Mrs. Helen E. Allen, 75, of Shepherdstown, dies in the King's Daughters Hospital in Martinsburg; James G. Shirley, 53, of Omaha, Nebraska, and formerly of Charles Town, dies unex- pectedly in Omaha; Mrs. Yolande Elizabeth Ellen Malone, 88, of Shepherdstown, dies in King's Daughters Hospital in Martinsburg; Harvey Richard Twyman, 54, of Bolivar, dies in the local hospital; Miss Clemye Kerfoot Baker, 84, of Middieway, dies in the local hospital, where she haq been a patient for several week following an auto accident. MARRIED: Miss Rebecca Marlene Lilla, of Millville and Mr. Robert Emory Wagerman, of Em- mitsburg, Md.; Miss Carol An] Proper, of Titusville and Mr.I Donald Newton Cross, of Shenandoah Junction; Miss Linda Sue Ronemus, of N. Syracuse, and Mr. Paul Jon Gildermeyer, of Mattydale, N.Y.; Miss Mary Ann Moreland, of Kearneysville, and Sp. 4 William Lee, of California. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Jacobs of Charles Town, quietly celebrate their 60th wedding anniversary at their home on Second Avenue, with four generations present. 2O -- YEARS AGO -- Roscoe Payne, former math teacher at Charles Town High, is. appointed principal of the new " ianior high, P. Rider, who is the appointment to acce position of Registrar Shepherd College. MARRIED: Miss Gall N. Ranson, and Mr. Mickey, of Charles ToWn; Anne Marie Sire Berryville, Va., and Mr. Henry Roberts, Jr., of Town. DEATHS: John Campbell Woody, at his home on Harpers Pike; Charles W. retired telegrapher of and Western R.R., home in Cahrles ToWn; Ellen Brooks Billinger 86, of Shepherdstown, Greensburg; Mrs. Robinson, 87, dies in the Nursing Home Paul E. Miller, Sr., chardist and rural of Kearneysville, dies Daughters Hospital tinsburg; Dempsey V. 63, of Harpers Ferry, instantly when struck by ! train near the bridge. 30 -- YEARS AGO' J. E. "Ned" statistical Hagerstown General Potomac Edison, is chief clerk at MARRIED: Miss Catherine Jefferson County, William Halbert of Oklahoma. DEATHS: Annie Elizabeth fatally burned in a plosion at her home his home in Alexandria. 70 -- YEARS AGO" Miss Eva Watson d Point, is appointed to Swimley's SchoolhoUse ferson County. Wheat is quoted bushel in Charles Town. DEATHS: William Brotherton Athena, Oregon; Win. dies near Bakeron. organization pressure elected officials to pass certain laws. Yet more and more we find such tax free organizations establishing well staffed lob- bying teams. Not only that but the members of these organizations who arc the contributors are not even informed as to what the lobbying group representing them is doing, nor are they told how their contributions are being spent. Those who have become officers are thus destroying the voting rights of individuals 'aren't they? So why bother to go to the and vote? Haven't the powerful tax free organizations already gotten the elected official under their thumb? Haven't the heads of these organizations become consumed with the idea that they are the ones who know how the world should operate? Have you noticed that the wealthier these organizations become and the more powerful they become, how the morals of our country and love of country has declined, while the leaders scramble for more money and more power? Have is the tax free organizations wl are constantly pressuring fol more social services he paid with tax money? Isn't it time to ask why tax free organizations can receive unlimited amounts of money, stock, bonds, and property, tax free, while an individual has to have each item itemized, even to each stamp and coin in a collecUon? Why can the extremely wealthy set up trust funds for their children and grandchildren while small estates are swept away to pay inheritance taxes? As for the United Fund. Aren't manY organizations on the receive funds alreadY Government many organizations gov. aid from sources? Shouldn't I the United, a responsibility to munity to inform the much tax moeY organization is receiving? Each taxpayer is to subsidize organization , true? Thus already money. After reCe information, dividual should wishes to Perhaps instead Equal Rights the sexes. Equal Tax taxes for all. Ott Reunion Held SundaY, It@ The annual TI Margaret May he held Sunday, at Park, Town. are invited to someone with be drawn for Ancient the first