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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
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July 28, 2005     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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July 28, 2005
 

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12 SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON Farmer's ADVOCATE - Thursday, July 28, 2005 ~. i ~t. i~', By Bob Madison has been well documented, sunfish, or catfish in most in- monitor the Shenandoah wa- tershed are few in number. Nitrogen from the manure stances. Only two fish biologists test Years of neglect have final- that runs off the land occu- For years, the state of Vir- the waters in 14 Virginia coun- ly brought trouble to the two pied by poultry into creeksginia posted signs warning ties. Government agencies rely branches of the Shenandoah and streams that feed into the fishermen along popular ac- River. Shenandoah has long been a cess points on the Shenando- heavily on information sup- Raw sewage, manure from known contributor to pollu-ah against eating any fish. Au- plied them by everyday citi- zens. And everyday citizens the many poultry farms, in- tion. thorities advised against con- sometimes don't like to tell dustrial waste, the runoff from Farms where cattle loll sumption because of high lev- housing developments and through hot afternoons kneeels of mercury and PCBs that bad things about their neigh- even farm pollutants have now deep in cooling waters havewere present because of indus- bors. Or their relatives Or given both the North Fork and also been responsible for un- trial wastes, themselves. The Shenandoah River's the South Fork of the river too wanted pollutants. Those signs have tripled in health seems to be in the will much nitrogen and phospho- Treated and untreated sew- number . . . even as the num- rus to sustain a healthy fish age still find a path into the ber of fishermen has flagged and the ways of its handlers population. Shenandoah. Runoff from The increased levels of both -- the people and business- The river that lazily pass- rains that slosh over the as- nitrogen and phosphorus have es along its banks and water- es by Sewell's and Big Eddy -- phalt and pavements of shop- produced unwanted plant shed. one-time summer camping ar- ping centers, housing develop- growth and algae explosions in Possibly, regulators watch- eas for sunfish and bass fish- ments, and human habitationsome areas, ing the deteriorating health ermen -- on its course toward dump more trouble into the Without enough dissolved ox- of the distant Chesapeake Harpers Ferry has slowly be- branches of the river, ygen, fish can be slowly stran- Bay will move their research come so filled with pollutants Even if another such loss gled as they try to breathe nor- and bodies westward to cut off some of the sources of the pol- that an 80% fish kill of adult of fish doesn't occur, an 80% mally. smallmouth bass was expe- death rate in one spring for A stressed fish population lutants showing up in those rienced this spring in nearby adult smallmounth bass willthat becomes weakened has waters. Virginia. take years to overcome, less resistance to diseases. Those men who used to take In 2004, a similar kill of Virginia and West Virginia And in the past two springs, a week away from the farms game fish was chronicled on has passed laws and latter-day fish kills have resulted from or orchards in Jefferson Goun- the North Fork of the Shenan- federal regulations have kept the increased pollution, ty to throw up tents and ham- doah. after the poultry industry, try- As the population of the mocks at Big Eddy or Sewell's Fish biologists and other sci- ing to minimize the amount of Northern Shenandoah Val- are now 85 years old or more. entists have not been able to manure being washed off theley continues to increase, the The days when they caught pinpoint the exact locations land and eventually into the future health of the river can 50 or 60 fish apiece are gone of the most lethal areas on el- Shenandoah. only remain in "guarded condi- forever. Their ancestors had ther branch of the Shenando- Fishermen have gone else- tion" at best. better listen carefully to recol- ah, but the lowered content of where this year. Catches of fish The local, state, and feder- lections of their elders. Sport fishing on the Shenan- dissolved oxygen that fish use have been of small bass, young al authorities who are paid to doah River once flourished. Sport fishing for fish clean of mercury or PCBs and with enough size to smile about may be on the "endangered activities" list for many years to come. West V'n'ginia University has an- either noon or 3:30] nounced the starting times for nine Another night ofits 11 football games this faU. fora 7 The Mountaineers will beginon October 22. the season with a 1:30 p.m. kick- on November off against Syracuse. That game icut is also at will televised onABC, p.m. beginning. The September 10 home game On Novermber : versus Wofford has a 6 p.m. start, ti, the s~rt time i~1 The September 17 game at Mary- p.m. land is slated to begin at noon. The regular On September 24, the Moun- on November tameers are in Morgantown against against East Carolina. Thathas an 8 game has a noon start. The Octo- Four of the ber 1 game versus ~rlrginia Tech game will have in Morgantown likewise has a sion audiences. noon start, game is on ABC On October 8, WVU travels cut and to Rutgers for a game that will ESPN2, and the t either begin at noon or at 3:30 will be shown on p.m The next week on October In the 15 against Louis~lle in Morgali- town, the start time also will be East network f By Bob Madison led extra curricular offerings, physically fit for a lifetime. Once they are enrolled in By taking part in athlet- Competition is one of the sta- school, children know the in- ics and Sports, a child can also ples of a society based on ma- fluence of competition -- for weed out at an early age the ac- jority rule. Capitalism and de- grades, for attention, for places tivities that are unattractive mocracy survive because those in all sorts of extra curricular and try other things. who employ their principlesactivities. Substitute the negative for strive to outdo societies that are For the most valued posi- something that may prove more not governed by such themes, tions, grades, and acceptance enjoyable. A democracyisbasedonlaws by peers the students must Competition can be enjoy- and rules put into place by the compete, able even when there is no majority of those who vote.Values are formed. Goals are mandatory trophy at the end or At the heart of a thriving de- there to be achieved, only a few scattered wins along mocracy is competition. The home provides input, the way. In general, the'population of But once a child enters into As the athlete gets older, the such a governmental system any situation where there are competition on varsity teams or chooses its own values, others their own age, the peer to earn scholarship money for col- Most people in a democra- pressure advances past evenlege is more intense and comes cy value highly an individu- the home in many cases, from more talented players. al's right to pursue occupations Receiving the acceptance ofThe trophy handed out to a that have the best pay and most peers means competing and 10-year-old won't do him any prestige and satisfaction, competing successfully, good now. The right to lawfully pursue Once the student reaches Only the physical effort and what we value is part of the the high school or college lev- mental skills used to get to bedrock of a democratic society, el, some earlier goals or values his senior year of high school And we reach toward our may not be as important, or even on to college will be of goals through competition. Owning a car when a studentuse. Competition for what we is a 16-year-old junior is now at If he/she has competed with wish to attain is an important the top of the list of priorities the necessary sacrifice and el- part of our lives from the time or goals. When that person was forts, they can attain goals. we begin relating to those out- five-years-old, owning a bicycle By successfully competing side the home. was at the top of the list.in one area of life -- athletics - If our parents or guardiansThose who realize the impor- - the basics of how to go about have successfully competed, we tance of successfully competing competing in other facets of life have a leg up on those not as at the earliest ages have an ad- might have been revealed. fortunate to have money or po- vantage over the "competition". Grades, diplomas, degrees, sition to help their competitive Athletics can hone the corn- advanced degrees, and the se- beginnings, petitive spirit. Sports, when ad- curing of occupational positions But a strong will or an inter- ministered by people with the will only be gained through nal drive to succeed can over- welfare of the participants fore- competition. come early disadvantages, most in mind, can show compe- America competes with dic- Athletic competition usually tition in its best light, tatorships, Communism, na- comes only after a person has Competing in athletics under tions with unstable govern- openly or subtlely competed for a fair set of rules and with safe ments, and terrorist stat~s. other goals, equipment and adequate su- To continue to live in a de- Day camps, church camps, day pervision gives the young peo- mocracy will mean successfully care, nursery school, and other ple in a democracy early les- competing against a world that situations where pre-school chil- sons in how life is conducted in has an expanding population, dren are grouped together opens a free society, shrinking natural resources, the door to competition. Break the rules and you areand millions of people who dis- If a three-year-old sits on his/ punished. Compete with deter- trust the United States. her hands in nursery school, ruination and a regard to oth- Competition is worldwide. they will not receive the best ers and rewards can be gained. Should this country continue of what is offered. Those chil- If simply putting on a uni-to be a world leader, it will have dren don't know the meaning of form and being placed on a successfully competed against "competition" but they quickly team by a parent is given much others who don't have a regard learn how to get the swing they importance, the child might too for the sanctity of life or for any want at break time or the cray- late find that society won't be set of ethical laws or rules. ons they want at "work" time. as casual in its acceptance of a A competitive nation is nec- Parents compete to find thelack of commitment or effort, essary for the world doesn't best private schools or the pub- By taking part in athleticshand out merit badges for be- lic schools with the most chal- and sports, a child could find an ing transported to a game in lenging curricula and most var- activity they might use to stay the back seat of an SUV. 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