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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
June 29, 2000     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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June 29, 2000

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4 SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON - Farmer's ADVOCATE - Thursday, June 29, 2000 By Bill Theriault P.O. Box 173 Bakerton WV 25410 Dial 876-3321 June is the time when lots of people get married, or at least think about it. Here's what you might have seen if you attended a marriage ceremony in our area in Letter to the Editor OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY To the Editor: Phase II of Jefferson County's Comprehensive Plan review has raised a key issue for exploration - property rights. In recent public comments several large landown- ers and developers have stated that they should have the right to do what they want to with their land, whether that is farming, building, or selling. Every one is for property rights. The problems start when an indi- vidual wants to tap into public funds to subsidize their private ac- tions. Every new house requires increased public spending for schools, libraries, roads, sewer, wa- ter, police, fire and emergency ser- vices. That is when other property rights must be weighed - the right of every taxpayer to protect their wallet and bank account from un- reasonable seizure. This conflict between one person's land and other people's wallets is being confronted in neighboring Loudoun County. A new study on the true costs of de- velopment in Loudoun County was commissioned by the Coalition for Prosperity that represents devel- opers and pro-growth advocates. The Coalition hired Dr. Stephen S. Fuller from George Mason Univer- sity and Urban Analytics Inc. to conduct a detailed review of the 1999 expenditures in Loudoun County. Dr. Fuller's findings ex- ploded the assumptions the devel- opers had hoped to validate. The results of development in America's fourth fastest growing county are stark. In 1999 Loudoun county spent $300,111,000 on pro- viding public services to residen- tial units. During that same time the county raised $284,833,000 in taxes from these units. That left a deficit of $15,278,000 that had to be raised through increased taxes from residents. For the past thirty years count- less studies have shown that resi- dential development costs money. Counties that try to build their way into prosperity always end up with fiscal bankruptcy and tax- payer rebellions. It is little wonder that the Loudoun County Planning 'Commission voted on June 22 to dramatically restrict future subdi- visions and prescribe land conser- vation measures. Jefferson County has an oppor- tunity to craft a rational land-use plan that protects everyone's prop- erty rights. Anyone may do what they want to with their own land, but no one can demand everyone else pay for it. The right to develop is not the right to demand every- 'one else pay for the resulting in- creases in expenditures for public services. Developers do not have the right to other people's hard earned money to underwrite their personal business schemes. Sincerely, Scot M. Faulkner Bolivar Heights Letters Policy We welcome your letters to the editor, but there are a few rules that must be followed so that such submissions may be considered. First~ all letters must be signed and contain a current address and telephone number. We do not publish the address and phone number unless requested by the writer. No anonymous letters will be considered and at no time will this newspaper withhold the name of the author. Letters should be typewritten and double-spaced, but clear, legible handwritten letters will be acceptable. All letters will be published on a first-come, first-served basis. Letters about private disputes are generally not acceptable un- less they involve matters of clear and pressing public interest in the editor's judgement. Letters of thanks are also gen- erally unacceptable. The Spirit makes available space in its Clas- sified columns for such items. Each letter is judged on its own merit and those considered libelous will not be published. All letters should be sent to: The Editor, Spirit of Jefferson- Farmer's Advocate, p.o. Box 966, Charles Town, WV 25414 the 18th century (courtesy of Jo- seph Doddridge, Settlement and Indian Wars): "For a long time after the first settlement of this country the in- habitants in general married young. There was no distinction of rank and very little of fortune. On these a accounts the first impres- sion of love resulted in marriage; and a family establishment cost but a little labor and nothing else. A description of a wedding from the beginning to the end will serve to show the manners of our forefa- thers, and mark the grade of civili- zation which has succeeded to their rude state of society in the course of a few years. "At an early period, the practice of celebrating the marriage at the house of the bride began and it should seem with great propriety. She also has the choice of the priest to perform the ceremony. "In the first years of the settle- ment of this country, a,wedding en- gaged the attention of a whole neighborhood; and the frolic was anticipated by old and young with eager expectation. This is not to be wondered at, when it is told that a wedding was almost the only gath- ering which was not accompanied with the labor of reaping, log roll- ing, building a cabin, or planning some scout or campaign. "In the morning of the wedding day, the groom and his attendants assembled at the house of his fa- ther for the purpose of reaching the mansion of his bride by noon, which was the usual time for cel- ebrating the nuptials, which for certain must take place before din- ner. . "Let the reader imagine an as- semblage of people without store, tailor or mantua-maker within a hundred miles; and an assemblage of horses without a blacksmith or saddler within an equal distance. The gentlemen dressed in shoepacks, moccasins, leather breeches, leggins, linsey hunting shirts, and all homemade. The la- dies dressed in linsey petticoats and linsey or linen bed gowns, coarse stockings, handkerchiefs and buckskin gloves, if any. If there were any buckles, rings, but- tons, or ruffles, they were the relics of old times; family pieces from parents or grandparents. The horses were caparisoned with old saddles, old bridles or halters and packsaddles, with a bag or blanket thrown over them;~ a rope or string as often constituted the girth as a piece of leather. The march, in double file, was often interrupted by the narrowness and ob~ruc- tions of our horse paths, as they were called, for we had no roads; and these difficulties were often in- creased, sometimes by the good, and sometimes by the ill will of neighbors, by felling trees and ty-. ing grapevines across the'way. Sometimes an ambuscade was formed by the wayside, and an ex- pected discharge of several guns took place, so as to cover the wed- ding company with smoke, Let the reader imagine the scene which followed this discharge; the sudden spring of the horses, the shrieks of the gifts, and the chivalric bustle of their partners to save them from falling. Sometimes, in spite of all that could be done to prevent it some were thrown to the ground. If a wrist, elbow or ankle happened to be sprained, it was tied with a handkerchief, and little more was thought or said about it. "Another ceremony commonly took place before the party reached the house of the bride, after the practice of making whiskey began, which was at an early period. When the party were about a mile from the place of their destination, two young men would single out to run for the bottle; the worse the path, the more logs, brush and deep 'hollows the better, as these obstacles afforded an opportunity for the greater display of intrepid- ity and horsemanship. The English fox chase, in point of danger to.the riders and their horses, is nothing to this race for the bottle. The start was announced by an Indian yell; logs, brush, muddy hollows, hill and glen, were speedily passed by the rival ponies. The bottle was al- ways filled for the occasion, so that there was no use for judges; for the first who reached the door was pre- sented with the prize, with which he returned in triumph to the com- pany. On approaching them, he an- nounced his victory over his rival by a shrill whoop. At the head of the troop, he gave the bottle first to the groom and his attendants, and then to each pair in succession to the rear of the line, giving each a dram; and then, putting the bottle in the bosom of his hunting shirt, took his station in the company. "The ceremony of the marriage preceded the dinner, which was a substantial backwoods feast of beef, pork, fowls, and sometimes venison and bear meat roasted and boiled, with plenty of potatoes, cab- bage, and other vegetables. During the dinner the greatest hilarity al- ways prevailed; although the table might be a large slab of timber, hewed out with a broad axe, sup- ported by four sticks set in auger holes; and the furniture, some old pewter dishes and plates, the rest, wooden bowls and trenchers; a few pewter spoons, much battered about the edges, were to be seen a some tables; the rest were made of horn. If knives were scarce, the de- ~ficiency was made up by the scalp- ing knives which were carried in sheaths suspended to the belt of the hunting shirt. "After dinner the dancing com- menced, and generally lasted till the next morning. The figures of the dances were three- and four- handed reels, or square sets and jigs. The commencement was al- ways a square four, which was fol- lowed by what was called jigging it off; that is, two of the four would single out for a jig and were fol- lowed by the remaining couple. The jigs were often accompanied with what was called cutting out; that is, when either of the parties became tired of the dance, on inti- mation, the place was supplied by some one of the company without any interruption of the dance. In this way, a dance was often contin- ued till the musician was heartily tired of his situation. Toward the latter part of the night, if any of the company through weariness at- tempted to conceal themselves for the purposes of sleeping, they were" hunted up, paraded on the floor, and the fiddler ordered to play 'Hang on till tomorrow morning.' "About nine or ten o'clock a deputation of the young ladies stole off the bride and put her to bed. In doing this it frequently happened that they had to ascend a ladder instead of a pair of stairs, leading from the dining and ball- room to the loft, the floor of which was made of clapboards lying loose and without nail. This ascent, one might think, would put the bride and her attendants t~ the blush; but as the foot of the ladder was commonly behind the door, which was purposely opened for the occa- sion, and its rounds at the inner end were welt hung with hunting shirts, petticoats, and other ar- ticles of clothing, the candles being on the opposite side of the house, the exit of the bride was notice but by few. This done, a deputation of young men in like manner stole off the groom, and placed him snugly by the side of his bride. The dance still continued; and if seats hap- pened to be scarce, which was often the case, every young man, when not engaged in the dance, was obliged to offer his lap as a seat for one of the girls; and the offer was sure to be accepted. In the midst of this hilarity the bride and groom were not forgotten. Pretty late in the night, someone would remind the company that the new couple must stand in need of some re- freshment; black Betty, which was the name of the bottle, was called for and sent up the ladder, but sometimes black Betty did not go alone; I have many times seen as much bread, beef, pork, and cab- bage sent along with her as would afford a good meal for a half-dozen hungry men. The young couple were compelled to eat and drink, more or less, of whatever was of- fered them. "In the course of the festivity if any wanted to help himself to a dram, and the young couple to a toast, he would call out: 'Where is black Betty? I want to kiss her sweet lips.' Black Betty was soon handed to him. Then holding her up in his right hand he would say: 'Health to the groom, not forget- ting myself; and here's to the bride, thumping luck and big children.' "This, so far from being taken amiss, was considered as an ex- pression of a very proper and friendly wish, for big children, es- pecially sons, were of great impor- tance; as we were few in number, and engaged in perpetual hostility with the Indians, the end of which no one could foresee. Indeed, many of them seemed to suppose that war was the natural state of man, and therefore did not anticipate any conclusion of it; every big son was therefore considered as a young soldier. "But to return. It often hap- pened that some neighbors or rela- tions, not being asked to the wed- ding, took offense; and the mode of revenge adopted by them on such occasions was that of cutting off the manes, foretops and tails of the horses of the wedding company. "Another method of revenge which was adopted when the chas- tity of the bride was a little sus- pected was that of setting up a pair of horns on poles, or trees, on the route of the wedding company. This was a hint to the groom that he might expect to be compli- mented with a pair of horns him- self. "On returning to the infare, the order of procession and the race for black Betty was the same as be- fore. The feasting and dancing of- ten lasted for several days, at the end of which the whole company were so exhausted with loss of sleep that several days' rest were requisite to fit them to return to their ordinary labors." Reservations for Next Peter Burr Living History Day Being Taken Reservations are now being taken for the July and .August Liv- ing History days at the Peter Burr Living History Farm. The events will be held on Saturday, July 8 and August 12, from 10 a.m. to 2 mont, a reading of Davis' first play, Dan Ryan B ui] p.m. Attendance is limited to no a presentation of her unpublished Charles Town Cor more than a dozen adults and chil- works to the Jefferson County Mu- Arnold, 185,160. dren, and there is a $5 fee per per- seum, and birthday cake and ice James Heppner, son. Attendees will have the opoor- cream. Admission, $5. town, to David L. tunity to don period clothing and Potluck Dinner 268,800. spend a day on a 1790s working Don't forget - July 13, 6 p.m.Chase Bank farm. Activities vary with the sea- That's the time for the Potluck Pic- Town, to Stephen J. son but include preparing a mid- nic at the Burr House. Bring a cov- 178,800. day meal, gardening and agricul- ered dish and share with volun- Advantage Hoi tural activities, spinning, weaving, teers and visitors. If you areCharles Town, to crafts, and games. Reservations interested in learning more about 180,145. must be made at least a week in the Burr Farm and other Land- B.C. Partners, I$ advance and can be obtained by marks Commission projects, this is Town, to Advantage calling Bill Theriault, 876-3321; a good opportunity to meet the33,600. Maggie Keeler, 724-1279; or Mary folks that make everything hap- Stephen J. Roth, Orr, 728-8414. pen. Town, to Jan M. The Peter Burr Living HistoryAlso: August 10 - Lecture, "A 136,500. Farm is open to the public every Basket Case: Early American Bas- " Harry F. Catrow Sunday from 1 to 3 p.m. at noketry." var Corp to Rodney charge. September 14 - Workshop, Bill al, 137,700. Theriault, "Researching Local Fellowship Julia Davis Centennial Land Grants." Visitors will be able ferson County, Birthday Celebration to identify the original owner of Van Marsceu, et al, The 100th birthday of West Vir- their property, get a copy of the Eastland ginia writer Julia Davis will be eel- land grant, and plot the metes and Inc Charles Town, to~ ebrated with a dance on Saturday, bounds of the property, ter, et al, 41,000. July 22 at Claymont. The event Lectures are held on second Barbara K. will feature food and a 1920s dance Thursday of each month, 7:30 p.m herdstown, to band. Tickets are $50 per person, at the Planning Commission Meet- 54,950. Call Bill Theriault at 876-3321 for ing Room, two doors east of the Jef- Barbara K. reservations. Claymont will host a ferson County Courthouse in herdstown, to RobertI birthday party in memory of Julia Charles Town. The next business et al, 73,562. Davis on Sunday, July 23. Themeeting will be held on June 15th Ronald Sigrist, event will feature tours of Clay- at 7 p.m. at the same location. Ferry, to Curtis 153,000. . Renee J. LecluS4 Ferry, to James S. Donald N. Cross, to Donald E. By Dan Burhans Gwendolyn E. Edward Jones Investments town, to Jackson H. Dan Ryan town, to Ricky 202,130. Followin=r Basic Investment aligned with your needs and goals, Tommy B. Li Guidelines Can Pay Off both of which can change over Town, to Dan Ryan First in a two-part aeries time. But you'll need to avoid the 37,500. The Dow Jones IndustrialAver- temptation to over-adjust your Angela M. age has turned in five straight portfolio. Constantly buying and Ferry, to Dale Nuse years of double-digit returns, and selling securities may eventually Billy Edwards, many of the broader market indi- result in significant taxes and fees, way, to Glenn W. ces have been setting records, as which means you'll have less to in- 279,500. well. So investment success isvest and your money will grow Joseph B. white there for the taking, right? more slowly. Jame G. Stickles, Actually, it's not quite that Of course, there are other gen-130,000. simple, eral investment guidelines out George W. All the attention paid to the there. But if you can follow the ba- Charles Town, to skyrocketing Dow tends to obscure sic ones listed here, you're well on et al, 245,000. the fact that a great many stocks your way toward becoming a suc-Nell L. Mathison, e have actually declined over the cessful investor, way, to Charlie L. past few years. And these aren't Next week: A look at specific in- 149,000. just wildly speculative companies, vestment rules you won't want to Raquel A. In 1999, for example, the list of break. Ferry, to Donald J. companies whose stocks were down included names such as Coca-Cola, Gillette, Xerox, and DOH SET COMMENT Pfizer. The fact is that nobody - not PERIOD FOR PREVIOUS even so-called "market experts" - APPLICATIONS can consistently and accurately predict the stock market's winners and losers. That's why the really The Division of Highways today organization, re smart investors have thrown away announced that it will accept com- and development their crystal balls. Instead, they've ments until July 31, on applica- commission and succeeded by following these basic tions previously received for fund- ways (DOH) district: investment guidelines: ing for various projects using fed- Applications Base your portfolio on a clear eral funds, at the DOH set of investment objectives - It's Each project proposed for use of search Division in hard to achieve investment success federal aid highway funding is re- Capitol Complex by simply throwing together a col- quired to undergo a public review Charleston, West lection of stocks, bonds and mutual and comment period of at least 45 between the funds. Before you build your port- days. noon and 12:30 to 4 through Friday folio, ask yourself these questions: A listing of all projects proposed What are your longterm goals? for funding is available at the of- days). Comments Once you have the answers, you'll rices of each metropolitan planning the same address. be able to create a portfolio de- signed to meet your individual needs. .Diversify - Diversification may be the oldest - and wisest - rule of investing. The more diversi- fied you are, the more you will Citizens Communications customers in the cushion yourself against losses af- have until July 7 to make any additions fecting just one type of investment, listings or yellow-pages advertisements for the next, Plus, by having your investment Communications' telephone directory, dollars in many different catego- source for valuable information on retail and ries, you'll be able to take advan- ments, business and residential listings, area events, tage of multiple growth opportuni- recreational activities and more. ties. "Plans for the 2000 telephone directory are Avoid big risks - As a generalAngela Klein, directory administrator at Citizens rule, the greater the risk incurred "This is the final opportunity to verify the by a specific investment, the a separate listing for one of your family members or greater the potential reward. The firm members within your business." trick is to find those investments To make corrections, changes or deletions, contact whose risk level is appropriate for munications Residential Customer Services at you. In evaluating risk, take a ness Services at 800-921-8102. A nominal fee may apply. longterm perspective. Historically, The deadline for yellow-pages advertising is also high-quality securities have re-businesses in the community, the directory offers the bounded after severe market their advertising dollars since consumers use losses, while low-quality securities the most because of its comprehensive listings and sometimes never do. information," Klein said. Businesses that want to place the size of their ads or make changes should Also decide how much risk you are willing to accept. It's not at all pany at 800-578-4333 immediately. unusual for the stock market to drop i0 percent in any given year. If your $1,000 investment tempo- rarily drops to $900, you won't like it - but you can probably overcome it. However, if you lose half your money on a risky investment, then that investment will have to double in price for you to break even. That could happen, but it's a lot to hope for. Don't "over-adjust" your port- folio - It's a good idea to periodi- cally reevaluate your investment portfolio to make sure it's still ATHLETES' ACADEMIC HONOR ROLL Potomac State College of West Virginia University has released the Athletes' Academic Honor Roll for Spring 2000. Students who were named to the honor roll had to maintain a 3.0 grade point aver- age while participating with an athletic team. Terry A. Staubs, Jr a graduate of Jefferson High, achieved a GPA of 3.824 while playing on the golf team. Staubs is majoring in sec- ondary education. J of effere;on ESTABLISHED 1844 Published Weekly on Thursday by The Jefferson Publishing 210 North George Street Charles Town, Telephone: (304) 725-2046 Mail Address: EO. Box 966 Second ( Charles Town, W. Va. Paid at Charles 25414 USPS No. Annual Pace To Jefferson County addresses $21.00 To all other West V'wginia addresses $23.00 To all other USA addresses $24.00 POSTMASTER: EDITOR & PUBLISHER Edward "Pat" Dockeney Please send address change to The S EO. Box 966, Charles Town. WV 25414.