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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
May 11, 1978     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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May 11, 1978

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2 SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON Farmer's ADVOCATE THURSDAY, MAY II, 1978 ?D CROSS HAS BIRTHDAY onday, May 8, was marked as World Red Cross Day. md this week, efforts are being made in this county, this nation and throughout the world to tell the story and the humanitarian accomplishments of this world-wide organization in its varied programs and activities designed to meet the individual and corn- unit, nee Is. The idea of Red Cross came into being when a munity needs. young man named Henry Dunant found himself in a situation which motivated him to volunteer his ser- vices to assist others in need. He took the initiative and urged others to do likewise, in an effort to take action against intolerable human suffering which existed. It is now 150 years since this young man came into the world, and this year the Red Cross is remem- bering this man and his achievements in setting himself up as an example for all of us to follow in the future. The Red Cross has truly exemplified the example of this young man's voluntary act which came after the terrible battle of Solferino. This week, this month, and this year, the Red Cross is asking all men, women and children to join in with them through active work, and or, financial support and become members of a truly worldwide movement which knows no barriers of race, religion or nationality and which is a living testimony to Dunant's call, that "we are 11 brothers." Through the hundreds of thousands of Red Cross Volunteers throughout the country and the world the idea which Dunant espoused some 150 years ago is' still alive and relevant in the world today, just as it was in his day. And so in the year of 1978, Red Cross officials are making every effort to ensure that the Red Cross principles and work becomes known to an ever growing number of people all around the world and through this hopefully they will become a working part of the Red Cross and his programs and activities. HUMPHREY-HAWKINS BILL President Carter's own Commerce Secretary Juanita Kreps has said the expansion of private I I I l I II  I .... i I II I I " "- - [ Letters To 'l:he Editor III [ i , -- ,-7 - Spirit of Jefferson N. George St. Charles Town, W. Va. To the Editor: So often when we go to the polls, we voters are called upon to cast a ballot and take a stand on a question about which we know so little that we aren't truly qualified to make a judgment. I believe that this will happen to many Jefferson County voters next Tuesday. One of the questions to he decided on May 9 is whethe r our county should adopt an elec- tronic voting system. The separate ballot is simple and cleardut - Yes or No. But the question is one about which few people have sufficient accurate information to enable them to form a conscientious opinion. First, the average voter knows very little about procedures and costs involved in .o i Gordon Throckmorton, 64, of Ranson, dies in the Charles Town General Hospital, where he had been employed for more than 20 years. MARRIED: Miss Sandra Kay Kelican and Mr. Jerry Wayne Bond, beth of Millville; Miss Esther Pope, of Halltown, and Mr. Norman Lee l I " administering an election using our present paper ballot system. Second, it has not been easy for working people to go by the courthouse and inspect for themselves the demonstration unit of the electronic voting machine. Instead, many voters are relying for information on hearsay, much of which has been misinformation on both the cost and the performance of the voting machine. I have for several years been serving as one of three ballot commissioners in this county, and before that I served during many elections as a poll worker in the 13th Precinct. So I've had the opportunity to participate in, or at least observe, at first hand, most of the procedures involved m running Jefferson County elections with paper ballots. It is an incredibly tedious, time- consuming, and expensive system. It is full of Opportunities for human error. As a ballot commissioner, I spent between five and six hours last Monday hand-counting folded blnk ballots to ensure that the corrent number of each one was sent to each of our 27 precincts. I hope I made no mistakes, just as all those weary poli clerks on the counting boards at each precinct has been approved for use in the State of West Virginia bY the West Virginia State Election Commission, whose members are surely more knowledgeable in this matter than the average voter. The system is in effect in several West Virginia counties and is in the process of being adopted in many others. It has been tried and proven effective, economical, and accurate. I wish it could be required d every Jefferson County voter -- before he he permitted to vote on this issue -- that he have served m some capacity in ad- ministering an election using the paper ballot system. Moreover, I wish it would further be required that we have personally examined the demonstration unit on display in the courthouse. Only then would he be .truly qualified to make a judgment. Having done both things, I am wholly in favor of the adoption of the electronic voting system and urge anyone who respects my opinion to vote for it with me. Jane Duffy May 8, 1978 Dear Sir: More than half the people in the U.S. are supported by the government, according to a study made by the North American Newspaper Alliance. Three groups are supported by the government: armed forces and their dependents, govern- business and the resultant increase in jobs are the key factors in restoring economic health to America and more importantly America's cities. "The Federal government cannot solve problems of high unem- ployment and eroding tax bases in low income neigh- borhoods," Mrs. Kreps stated. And yet President Carter is still lending all his pressure and support to get the Humphrey-Hawkins bill through congress. We would feel better about the Humphrey-Hawkins bill if it had not come out of Washington. But it did and while the Federal Government has fore years enacted one program after another which was cooked up in Washington, somehow the jobless rolls, over the long term, have continued to get bigger, not smaller, and the money poured into these programs has only added to inflation and made it even tougher than ever on the unemployed, the displaced and the disad- vantaged. One of the reasons for such little success with these government programs has been, and still is, thai a big chunk of the money has gone into ad- ministrative costs with not much left to filter down to the unemployed and the disadvantaged. And that's probably why another big government effort like the Humphrey-Hawkins bill, complete with lofty goals and soaring rhetoric, along with a 21-gun Washington send-off, is causing such nervous twit- ches in the rest of the country. We realize that some Government programs are necessary to ease the pain at times, but they have not been able to cure the patient in the past because five out of every six stable jobs are, and must be provided by private industry. Supporters of the Humphrey-Hawkins bill say it has been greatly modified since it was first proposed several years ago and is not a mere statement of goals Only to a certain extent is this statement true. When you set a goal (which many economists already consider unrealistic) to'bring down unemployment so much in such-and-such a year, you have committed Congress and the administration to drastic action. Tremendous political pressures build up to "make it happen" and that means more programs, more money and if is doesn't work, even still more money. And the real catch in all of this is more in- flation which eats up the savings, erodes* earnings, saps business confidence and lead ultimately to more economic slowdown and thus still even greater unemployment. We feel any temporary Spurt in what must be termed "dead-end" jobs at public expense will never be worth that kindof misery. Frankly, we wish Congress and the President would lower rhetoric and come up with a workable small government which would trigger job creation in the private sector, along with the elimination of those costly regulations that only drag down the economy. This kind of an approach at least deserves a try. 10-- YEARS AGO-- 10 Norman H. Kisner. prominent Charles Town insurance man. churchman and civic leader, is named as president of the Jef- ferson County Chamber of Commerce. when the Board of Directors meet to organize for the year. Charles Walton "Cop" Shipley; who for 34 consecutive years served as teacher and principal at the Harpers Ferry prior to his unex- pected death, is signally honored wheh the name of the school which he served so long and faithfully is changed to the C. W. Shipley School. The Degree Staff of the Charles Town Moose Lodge No. 948, once again successfully defends its state championship in Princeton, this being the third consecutive year the local team isnamed state ritual champions. DEATHS: Mrs. Margaret Cypher, 87, White, of Glengary. The Shepberdstown High track and field team captures the Bi-State Conference cham- pionship held at Cobourn Field in Martinsburg for the third con- secutive year, besting five Other contenders for the title, and in so doing, set two new league marks and equalled a third; the squad is coached by William "Bill" Osbourn. The Kastle Ladles bowling league of Charles Town, scores a 4-0 victory over the B&O Jettes of Brunswick, in action on the Brunswick Major Bowling League. Delegates representing Charles Town and Harpers Ferry high schools at Moun- taineer Boys' State at Jackson's Mill in Harrison County, are: Norman L. Wilt, Jr., and Thomas Mentzer, both of Har- pers. Ferry High and Danny Nichols and Chris Sagle, both of Charles Town High. 20 -- YEARS AGO -- 20 Miss Neila Hahn and William Budd Warden arc named valedictorian and salutatorian respectively, at Charles Town High School. The dwelling of the late W. Lee Banks, located on the Boom in Shepherdstown. IS sold to Mr. Raleigh S. Williams for the sum of $7.650. MARRIED: Miss Gall Anderson of t,mson and Mr. Donald Wisecarver of Martinsburg. DEATHS: William H. Ballenger, Jeffer- son County native, dies at his home in Pitcairn, Pa.: Ralph Leroy Stephenson of Harpers Ferry dies in the local hospital; Mrs. Ida Demory Shifflett, 86, formerly of Jefferson County, dies at her home in Baltimore. Md.: Mr. Page Willingham, of Charles Town. dies in the King's _,Daughters H9spital. DEATllS: Clyde V. Rankin dies at his home in Charles Town: Stanley Wallace Shirley of Flushing, N.Y.; William T. Whittington dies in Wooster. Fla.: Charles Edgar Dutrow dies at his home in Bolivar: Edgar M. Welsh, a Cleveland. Ohio grocer, dies at his home there. MARRIED: Herman Lonnie Fiddler and Nancy Virginia Ja(kson. 50 -- YEARS AGO -- 50 DEATHS: Mrs. Annie Malinda Nicewar- ner dies at her home in Bolivar; Creed Moran, of Charles Town. is fatally injured by falling rock at the 'Standard Lime and Stone Co. near Martinsburg; Mrs. Belle Moler, formerly of this county, is killed when struck by a streetcar in Baltimore, Md. DEATH: Capt. Charles E. Baylor dies of at home of his sister in Charles Baltimore, Md., is pronounced dead on "arrival at the local hospital, following an auto ac- cident; Aionga Sherman Welsh, of Charles Town, dies in the local hospital from an auto accident; Miss Ethel Gay, 45, of Dargan Md., dies at her home; Ben- jamin Shelton, Sr., 94, dies at his home in HaUtown', Fred John Page, 71, of Kearneysville, dies in the local hospital; Edward Town. MARRIED Jessie J. Viands and Miss Hat- tie Vanvactor, both of Jefferson County. A balloon releases itself from its anchor at the U.S. Weather Bureau near Bluemont, and af- ter drifting about the country for a time drops into the river near Shannondale Springs, where it is recovered by W. S. Koonce. will hope they count and record accurately on election night. Do Jefferson County voters realize that the primary election to be held next Tuesday with our antiquated paper ballot system will cost the county at least $15,000? Printing of the ballots alone for this election cost the' county$7,800.00. This is not hearsay. These are facts. Ten poll workers will be required at each of 27 precincts; that is 270 people who work long, tedious hours for less than minimum wages but whose time will still cost the county between $7,000.00 and $8,000.00. And still o be added are the salaries of the in-: house courthouse employees who spend many hours on the process before, during, and after the election. Remember also that we still have the general election next fall and so could easily spend another $15,000 on elections within this calendar year using the paper ballot system. In the light of these figures -- and they are accurate and supportable -- cost of the electronic voting machines falls into proper perspective. Pur- chase price of the four machines needed would run about $38,000; alternatively, the machines could he leased initially with an option to buy and rental costs applied to the purchase price. Installation of the electronic system would cut the cost of an election to $5,000 or less. Ab- sentee ballots would still imye to be printed on paper, but the cost of the substitute machinable cards for voting at .the polls would be between $500 and $600, which is a dramatic decrease from the $7,800 we paid in this election. Cost of the poll Workers would be cut exactly in half, since only five - instead of ten - would be required at each precinct. I have inspected the electronic voting machines and feel that they are infinitely superior to the heavy, mechanical type lever machines many of us have used in other areas. There is nothing intimidating or confusing about this electronic system. Voters are presented with a clear, easily read ballot in a well- lighted booth. They mark their ballot and are hardly aware that a machine is invoved. But the programmed computer, master of quantitative data, will read and tally their punched card ballots at the rate of 45 per minute, and it will make no mistakes. The proposed voting system ment workers and government aid recipients. Government workers and their dependents number 47,351,000. Armed forces on active duty number 2,124,000 and they have 3,013,000 dependents. Those receiving government aid include retirees, the disabled and the group receiving public assistance or unemployment assistance. On social security or other government supported pensions there are 35,300,000 retirees and' their dependent. There are 10,500,000 disabled (inc'lding the blind) and their. dependents. The final group, numbering' 26,073,000 is on public assistance or unemployment assistance. None of the above includes those who receive so-called "in kind" payments, such as Food Stamps and Medicaid. The total U.S. population is 218,000,000 and it is alarming to think that 124,261,000 of these are supported by the government. That means that the burden of their support rests on th remaining 93,739,000 for of course the government has no source of income except taxation and printing money. Welfare creates a new caste of people totally dependent upon government and free of basic wants, according to Martin Anderson in Welfare: The Political Economy of Welfare Reform in the U.S. He says that people with small incomes are trapped behind the poverty wall. A man who can receive $6.000 on welfare (plus medical benefits) would feel he was working for only $2,000 a year if he accepted a job at $8,000. Moreover. he would have to pay income tax on the $8,000 and might well have less money in the end although he had worked 40 hours w eek for 50 weeks. Moreover, federal regulations make it difficult for a marginal worker to get a job. Recent in- creases in the mimmum wage make it unprofitable for a business man to employ an unskilled worker Rep. Larry McDonald (D. Ga.) estimates that the increase in the minimum wage will mean there are two million fewer jobs and consumer costs will rise 2.7 percent. It seems that we are all trapped behind the government welfare mess: the worker who cannot break through the poverty wall -- the person who might hire a teenager or an unskilled worker for some small NOT MUCH HELP country, His and we buy contain Maxwell Folgers and Switch to Initial jobs -- the small business man who can't afford to hire anyone because of government regulations A step in the right direction would he to get government out of welfare entirely, and also out of setting wages, and let free enterprise take over. Direct support for the disabled and their dependents could he better handled by local private charity. And without government im- posed minimum wages, many small jobs would open up -- jobs people might take if they were not afraid of going off welfare. Lela Gardner May 1, 1978 Spirit of Jefferson Charles Town, W. Va. Please accept my congratulations for your editorial "Remember the Panama Canal" in your April 27th edition. Every voice in the country should speak out against this greatest disgrace in our history engineered by Carter and Byrd. A copy of your editorial should be sent to every congressman and senator and enshrined in a place of honor in our National Capitol. Keep up the good work. Yours truly,' Cecil E. Webb Harpers Ferry, W. Va. May 1, 1978 Spirit of Jefferson Charles Town, W. Va. Dear Sir: I am requesting a change of address so that I won't miss a single copy of my paper. I hope you will see that I do not miss any issues of the Spirit of Jefferson because I enjoy it so much. I was raised in Jefferson County and your paper is the only way I can keep,up with what's happening in my old home community. I am retired on ziisability and am moving to Missouri where my only son lives." Thank you so much for the paper and for taking care of this matter for me. Respectively, Margaret G. Brown, 906 S. Jefferson St. St. James, Missouri 65559 SAN instruction in tronics field I11., after training at is Mr. and Mrs. of Rt. 2, During Lacklpnd, the Air organization received human this training dividual associate in May 1, 1978 Editor Spirit of Jefferson Charles T own, W. Va. Dear Mr. Brown: Welcome to the first day of of t Airman graduate d School and College, May. This month has special MOTHER'SD' significance to every taxpayer in SUNDAY ZIC the country. By the end of the The pastor oft month the American taxpayer Church, Rev.  can begin to earn money for vites the publi himself. Since New Year's Day program in ho he has been working for the tax on Sunday, Ma! collector. Local talent ol If our government continues to will be feature expand the many "give-away programs," and they probably will because they procure votes, itbe taxpayer will be expect@d to 'work yet another month for the tax collector. Yours truly Walter L. Nails. Davis, sponsor. Marshall:, may reduce May 4, 1978 Broe@h# Max Brown, editor Spirit of Jefferson Charles Town, W. Va. A Dear Mr. Brown: Today's "Holocaust" is taking yOU' place in Uganda. We have Idi Amin, president-for-life, is eliminating Christians from his Byrd's.Eye View By U.S. Senator Robert C. Byrd about is these when rice Flowers or "If winter comes, can spring be far behind?" This ancient Chinese proverb is often .used to remind peo- ple that, in the cycle of life. a diffmult period does not last forever. However, for many Americans this past winter's heavy snow and ice storms mean that spring may bring floods as well as flowers. Once again, nature threatens to add in- sult to in3ury for those peo- ple who live in the flood plains. In past years, the nation has responded to flood dis- asters after the fact. Dis- aster relief was given to flood victims, and efforts were made to build flood control dams, seawalls, or levees. But very little was done to protect family or business investment through better construction techniques or more care- ful planning before disaster struck. Finally, as flood losses mounted across the nation. Congress created the Na: tional Flood Insurance pro- gram, providing property- owners with affordable in- surance protection through a coordinated local, state, and federal effort. Through careful local management of the flood plains, new con- struction will better with- stand flooding, and as a re- sult taxpayers will be called on less freguently to provide costly relief and repair assistance. It is esti- mated that by the year 2000. taxpayers and flood victims will be saved-ap- proximately $1.7 billion a year. More than 14,500 commu- nities have already joined the first phase of the pro- gram, qualifying for emer- Floods? gency coverage. This ac- tion triggers a detailed on- site survey of expected flood levels and risk zones by the Department of Housing and Urban Devel- opment. Each Governor has a State Coordinating Agen- cy to help communities adopt required flood plain management measures. Once a community has joined the emergency pro- gram, owners may purchase flood insurance for as little as $25, with coverage for both old or new construc- tion and for the contents of homes or businesses. In West Virginia, 263 communities are now in the flood program, with 247 hazard areas identified. Most of these communities are still in the emergency program, but at least 15 have progressed to the reg- ular program, where the full limits of flood insurance become available locally. This full coverage means that the local community has upgraded its local building standards, in co- operation with state and federal engineering surxreys and flood maps. No government can com- ple:.ely protect its citizens against floods or other nat- ural disasters. However, the National Flood Insur- ance Program promises to be a worthwhile effort by government at all three levels--local, state, and federal--to prepare for pos- sible future disaster and to protect Individual fami- lies and businesses against catastrophic loss. As the worry about spring floods is eased, those who live in flood plains can then wel. come spring flowers with a lighter heart. to be rising' Did there's a value? necessity there's furniture fun He saYS checking retails for !