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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
April 30, 1959     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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April 30, 1959

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@ times and un.til 1871 [ The distinguished feature of mu I of boxes, and a lot o.f the most I boards are the order of finish in-" ,n horses was oy oe~S[tue1 betting is that it is the pub-[interesting humans you've ever[ (result) of the first four entries ' k~lVl.aUalS, wl~n or w,l~n[lic who makes the odds and it isomer- all of them experts. Technic]by program number, the entry ~_aolaers ann. , aucuon [ a method by which each backer [ ians who wouldn't be here if they [ and pool ~tals o,btalned by the ,.~Km.aKing, wmcn was [ bets what he nleases on the horse [ didn't know their stuff. | adding machines, me prices pmia ~nt~atV~eir~this::uin" I of his choice.~Other features are [ The mystery unfolded by the [on a $2 winning mutue.l ticket, b-- - ~ ~" - =; """ :lthe absolute fairness of the sy-[ hour Over three miles of separ-[ race number, time oI nay, post :k ~v"ames K. ~.e!ley, ox [ stem It is the method used in [ ate "plastic or tuber encased [ time, e~c. . ....... ^k non joe ope, n e.~ a win ]such great racing countries as I ~o~,'1 ...... houled hushed nulledl There are also auxniary xacm~- b. 2 :mos52 ??e o' I France, Australia and Argentina, ] and heaved around. It seems this ] ~es. The state representative, has ;i~h._]~;.z ~?o?~ 7y ~..- land in ,these countries was wel- [ cable had ,to go everywhere ...... | a pusn-outton ny wmcn ne lOCUS ' o'2,:gsmooAT22TiA I come relief from abuses connected [ through rat-hole openings, a spi-] all t!cze~..macnines simulLaneous- l~d~.~:~ ~v~.~:~ ~.~-~ [ with or growing out of book-mak- [ de,r-web or conduits laid weeks [ ly when vne norses mace tne oar- tr~'~..~:,'l~,,"~'~,~: ~:~,'~:llng. England 'also adopted it, I ago and then in and around and | l~er ~% .eacn race: . . o -~o, ~ '~y~,y- v,.~.~ I ~hou~h the 'bookmaker still pre- I ,,.~'~r ,e~.~t.~r.~ ~,,t ~nd u,n ,t~ I The placing juages nave a se~ e] at harness ,~rac~s uni~ [ vails? - [ U.I:-:~. ~:.-'L':;~' (he" un(ter~.rand: | push-buttons to show on the dis lel " ' " ~ If, A ~' .Ill L#~J t,'l I b" U wagering was legah- " . e several states I Pari-mutuel betting is done by]stand, the club house and out in]play board, the order of f:msh is age old The~'e always ~ purchasing tickets representing [ the infield to what is known as ] or resulvs~. Will - " ~ ! the horse of the buyer's selection. [ ' The Tote Board". [ Has Sire]liar Equipment - '1' De a .wageron so e [ These tickets usually ,are $2 each I First Introduced In 1933 [ The official ~imer has similiar oeV' ~s a nou senom a d 100 ticke~ " 1 ~en ,~ .... ~ ~ ~ ..... ~ o~ [ but $5, $10, $50 n $ [ The American Totalizator Corn [ equipment to Post the time n )1 ..... [ are on sale to accomod~vte pe son [ ,~, first introduced its mechan [ which the race was run. ~v a norse...or money. [ who may desire to wager in large | V:~.7"~.,_ a+ Arli...~^n Park near | Basic cabling terminals frames ~tuel method of wa ~ ' - [ sums. | ~.hida~~ in 192.~ This brought a] display board housings, etc. are ? uevised by Pierre Oiler] Each ticket sold is ,registered by[ ~"~'w~r~ f~r r~i-n~-i'n'-~meriTe~ [ first permanently installed at the a7872.~o ~eep '.nJs Tnon-[ a machine as sOon as it sold. In-| "'~T"hebas~ic-fu'n'~ion of"the-To-[tracks where services are ~o, be .?~ ms ~.rlenas ,among[ dividual ticket issuers register and/ ...... *-- i- *h^* ~f ~ kin~-size/renaerea. J~ecause o~ .me :nszaua~- :_ rio use9 hahn-opera.- [ total the sales on each entry made [ ~.~~,~^~, ~.~ ..... m~.n_~ [ ion costs to both .the tracks and ~Y were trieo at lviorns w~ ~,~ w~,~ ~.~ ~,, ~,~ ~o ............ [ through its operation. The total] .......... . ......... ,.. th^ d_~ ] totalizator company, all service y ~'arzs in iV'rl-#U ou~[ sales on each entry in each pool] ~u:a.~.,~v ~. ~.,~.# ~ .... "[ contracts are for five operating won ou~. [ and the pool totals-are shown-au-['~'l~l...m h^r^ ol * *~'e .... p.a._.[ years. wis Clark founder of|tomaticall- ever- 90 seconds in| _ ~,...: =v ~,u?, ~,, ..~.~,~ ~u.[ The portable total,isator assem- [Ck ' g g an(1 all l,&s lun'c~lons Will De refer- . .Y Jockey Club, now[dollars on the electric display|.^~ ,^ ^~ ~^ ,,~^,^,, .,h^ ,~^,^|bhes are frequently moved from Downs, imported four] boards |'~=~ ~"h~ ~b~li ~'~' m'" :''yh~|One track to another overnight, ac Clicker" machines ~or[ .....'_ ................ f[~eeps ~e pu .c nIor eaoi ,~l.e[companied by maintenance crews )erbv in ]87,5 and o~er- .~m~e~u, . uy ~.v ~u~.~.a~y " ] ~rena o! wagenng, by automau-!.f f.~ ~,,,~ ~^ + ..... +,, ~...^~o :utuel-svhem until tl~e- which the ,petter can ,bac.~ a norse[ tally registering, ,totaling and dis-| ~'~'.~n~'cl'an~s'.'~r~.~hi~er~"an~ ,~ . .~ ..... ~ to wm run secona or ~nira are~.nla~n~ the amounts of wagers as ~..~ ........ :~" Y ....~ ..... ,u out by sne COOKS in --'~--'-'" "---'----'h~-- *~-~ m,-t ]'~:' "" - omer mutuel personnel are em- ~nally, they sold $5.00 nella's;~siem~iscus~ c~e~se~ being | m~eare m,~e~ .... i-stallation ployed by the track and these em- only until 1885 when ........... ai-~t " '"-lace" and] -. - ~ . .v:.,~ -- '~ ' - " ployees handle ~he actual cash ex :.~.~, ~,:~w :~=~y. ...... s "show" tickets There is no limit/ consist of a r~vriad of boards ~"--".'~."'- ....... an:per o,I en~nes~ were " ' e m " ' Tne mt~lisamr acts m tne role e f(.o, .o nn ~ ,H~t.~o :to the number of tickets on aY[ panels wires, ~buttons and ~lash .......... '-,-o~ ,~.. ,.,, --,,, ~.~o ' oI an Inaepenaen~ aufllIng agen- t ..... = ...... buy and if so minded one can[ ing lights All of this is accurate ,t x~s xn i~ t:olon- ' ' r i / " cy wnicn guarantees accuracy 'as tho elrs~ to establish purchase tickets on every ho se n ,to the point of almost infallibility ,.,.^ ~.^^~. ^ .~.^ .^.~...^~'^.. of all entries of one ~"~ auc. , ..... ann .~ s ~ ...... ..... ~.. __ eration is centered in the control run as a coupling. When a race has oeen aecmea, . Aider ~ne ,permanent.or primary room. This nerve center houses Winn then head of, a :percentage ,.allowed by the ~_nstt~l~et, Onshl~ t~oftahzat~irlli__s d~ blte terrfdnals of permanent cab- ' ~st~es ,where parl-mu~uels are m- pc , , y spec y lt,,~ *^ u~ ~t.o io,,~-c o-~ ~ / , d six' ' " , " "'~ ........................ 'riSk ~no~at~ r~ , galmed) oft.hewho!e sum mv.ested mgnedelectrical equipment~_ ._ the display boards ,,.~,, ,,,~,, ~,,u .- is aeauc~ea Ior ,~ne association ~-ne Dasm e~emen~s o~ vne m-Important to .the total]actor eq f c. : mutuel wa~gering for of 1908. Two $5.00 ma- each of the win, place POols registered over the Derby and some :the day. The mutuel ickly spread ~o other (except New York ersey). Latonia started In 1911. The Daily ~s a Canadian import of Feature and the state. The remainder is talizator consist of: at once divided properly and paid to the holders of winning `tickets Months ago the contract and the arrangements were made for the very necessary installation known as the American Totalisa- tor Corrrpany, but for the past four weeks trailer trucks have backed up at Shenandoah Downs rear grandstand and unloaded .the most of mysterious things. There were giant reels of cables, scores To NEWEST, BRIGI'ITEST TRACK IN AMERICA and Grand 0 his usiness ish Broken down, the cable system to install the totalisator equip- ment at Shenandoah Downs re- quired eleven cables (7,000 feet), to operate the infield tote board. Each of the cables contain 104 small wires. For the grandstand, club house and north concourse, ~,500 feet of cable was laid, containing 90 wires. To cable the ticket machines' terminal with ~he calculating and tote rooms-next door neighbors-it took another 1,000 ~eet of cable with 90 wires. The odds board required 1,800 feet ~f cable of 78 wires. The av- erage load of cables is about 84 wires. Over 800 Mile The grand total of cable place- men% is 172,00 feet, and the total of small wiring in length would reach over 800 miles. The small wires activate lights, buzzers, can culating, tickets and accoun~ng :machines-and do it instantly and almost simultaneously. The most modem installation at Shenandoah Downs is what is known as the "automa`tic obser- ver". That thing is 100% auto- matic. No hands, no eyes of the human kind. The job of the "au- tomatic observer" which is a part of the electric panels and frames is to make a triple check on all computations the wagering, and a viewer sees when error occurs in either the tote room or the in field ,tote board. Thi's magis in- strument has been in use about two years. And just to be sure, if any of the electric visual appara`tus fails to function, or error is flashed to the public, a closed circuit televis ion which scans these areas l,n- stantly reports the failures .to the proper .terminal where the failure or error ori~inutes. Noparl-mutuel tickets can be issued until registered in the add- ing units and once registered, the figures cannot be changed. The complete functioning of `the tot~lisator is tested every day be- fore racing starts. In operation it is subjected to a %hre'e-way test for accuracy. The sellers' cash the printed sales summaries of issuers and the totals of `the add- ing ,machines must balance. Obviously the speed, acouracy and dependability of the Amei'- ]can Totalisator's service in safe- guarding the public's interest, and in the establishment of its con- fidence represent a monumental contribution to the welfare of rac ing as a sPort and an Industxy. In residence charge of the to- , talis~tor operation at ~henandoah Downs is Clarence A. Archer of Towson, Md. ,Farmers Are Going, For t ruck freight rose sharply dur- I ing December. Soil Conservation To Raise Value Of Farms To raise the value of their ~arms ~nd increase their incomes a num*ber of Berkeley and Jefferson county farmers are thinking in terms of better soft conservation ,practices, permanent pasture im- provemen't, full development and use of farm water supplies, and good drainage, repm~.s Robert L. McS~own, local 'Farmers Home Ad- ministration county supervisor. P~rmers Home Administration, an agency of ~he U. ~. Departmer~t of Agriculture, has a loan program to help eligible ,farmers carry out needed soil and v~r conservat- ion ,measures, McKo~vn said, and added that ~he practices most needed and most likely to be car ried on ,through the agency's loans in Chis urea ~nclude improving pas ~ures, drilling ~vells, developing ~farmstead water ,facilities and, in some sections, lrriga~ion. The making of soil and water conservation loans `to farmers who are eligible is one of ,the ,Iunct2ons of ,the agency's county~ office, lo- cated ut 528 West Race ~treet, Martinsburg, ~V~cKown Pointed oU%. Each county has a 3-member county committee and one of its duties is to determine whether or not an applicant ~s eligible~ ,for a loan. To be eligible, the ,applicant must be a farm owner br opera- tor, necessary experience, v~hose credit requirements ~for soil and water conservation improve- ments cannot be suppl~ed through privete or cooperative sources. The agency has completed ap- .proximately four years of mak- ing soil and water conservation loans under .the ,present program, McKown said. Kiwanians Hear About Salvati Amy's Work "Dhe ~iwanis Club held its reg- ular meeting last Thursday even,- lng in the Thomas Jefferson Ho- ~el with Mr. Cecil Nichols of the Southern S~ates as a guest of C al eb Burns. Burns Huyett announ- ced that Carroll M~tler ,wil,1 talk to the Clu~b abo,xt the AI~ple Indus- Zry on June 4. The program was in Charge of Captain Lal~ue of Martinsburg Sal va~io~ Army Post. He introduced Major S. Johan Ruthstrom, Pub- lic Relations Director o~ the Bal- 'timore Branch of the S~Ivation Army. Major Ruthstrom played ~Ivation Army songs on his ac- cord,ion and led the singing of ~these ~nusical numbers. After the music, Maj. Ruth- strom told abou`t the many act]v- ies of the Army. How its members visited the prisons, helped ,the "Down and Outs", fed ~he hungry ~nd administered to the spiritu~ and physical needs of the desti- %ude. W~en asked about the scope of ~he SalvatAon Army; the speaker said it is world wide and ,that many people in all lands are being helped by this grea`t organization ...... -: 3PIRIT OF JEFFERSON FARMERS ADVOCATE THURSDAY, APRIL 30. 1959 5---A OWN Across From the Court House A Community Corner Stone Since 1871 MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT NC C a Om TmN i I - Ill II lit I lilt I II I I I I I IT NEWEST, BRIGHTEST TRACK,IN AMERICA WE MANUFACTURE STEEL BUILDINGS AND ROOFS. WE TRY TO DO A BETTER JOB THAN OTHERS. THAT'S WHY WE CAN ALSO D0. UN- USUAL JOBS LIKE THIS GRANDSTAND. WE DESIGNED AND FURNISHED AND ERECTEI) THE S T E E L WORK AND THE ALUMNIZEI} SHEETING. 241 Supertcne Gas Service Charles Town, W, Va. Despite two late freezes, Pros- pcCts are bright for ,good yields of peaches and ~pplcs ~n the ~hen- ando~h Valley ~rea this spring. The estimate was made by two specialistS, who examined orchards in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Vir- ginia and West Virgnia. They said freezes saved orchardists from peaches and only `the Golden Delicious variety appears on the light side in apples. The specialist~ ~are Edwin Gould superin,tendent and Dr. Joseph O. Barrat, spray specialists of ~he West Vlrgima State Farm. When adver~sing something to sel, l never bother to ~tell the cus- ~tomer how good YOU are-,tell him 'what ~our product wil.l do lot him, I)0 YOU NEED AN UNUSUALLY GO01) STEEL JOB? I BOX 422 BRISTOL, TENNESSEE