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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
April 27, 2000     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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April 27, 2000

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SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON - Farmer's ADVOCATE - Thursday, April 27, 2000 35 By Bill Theriault P.O. Box 173 Bakerton ~ 25410 Dial 876-3321 is a village that is a century old and, like it cuts a much figure than it did in its is still pretty healthy, al- pace of a COmmunity has replaced of the company town. is failing though. A few ,~ o, the mere mention of a hke Knott, Moler, Eagle, Baker was enough to of long-forged alli- 'Place like Duke's Woods, Oak Grove, and the Urnace exist only in the dwindling few. Land- the Grange Hall and are disappearing brick, transformed into and barbecue pits. been renamed, per- the hope that they will 0 resemble their new appel- Old timers will tell you like Crystal Lake and have a long way to You see in Bakerton is rather than death, al- very vital may If history is made up of remember to save or throw away, then Baker- danger of losing much of It's not gone yet. You discover some of its char- a trip to Bakerton, but before the leaves and have covered up the Start from Uvilla, Harp- ers Ferry, or Shepherdstown and try to reach Bakerton, you will quickly discover that the roads were not laid out to get you there with any degree of speed, comfort, or safety. Don't blame the highway department. The cause is much older than that. Many of the roads trace the boundaries of the original land grants, some of them more than 250 years old, and decisions made long in the past still influ- ence the routes we take to our fu- ture. The road running south out from Moler's Cross Roads is a good example. Follow the road as it passes the barns and houses and snakes through the canopy of trees toward River Bend. Stop for a moment when you reach the ruins of a red brick building sitting on a white- washed stone foundation. This is the remains of Forrest Grange No. 29, and the grist mill operated by Grangemaster C.H. Knott lies only a few hundred feet southeast of this spot. The Grange Hall is little more than a hundred years old. The establishment of the mill can be traced back to the beginning of the 19th century. These are rela- tively recent remains. This area also marks the northern boundary of one of the earliest settlers in Jef- ferson County. His name was Is- rael Friend. This Quaker probably came to the area early in the 1720s. What- ever his original vocation, Friend became familiar enough with the lands and Indian tribes along the Potomac River to be sent in 1725 by Charles Calvert, Governor of Maryland, to negotiate with the chiefs of the Five Nations. His mis- sion must have been successful, for Mrs. Pauline Ott 725-8678 two years later the chiefs, out of "naturall love and affections" for their "brother Israel Friend" gave him a prime piece of land at the mouth of "Audit turn Creek" as well as the island at its mouth. The same year he took an In- dian wife call Bokavar. As much as seven years later, the Indian tribes had refused to grant another white man settlement privileges in the area. Official records the mother of Friend's three sons and two daugh- ters as "Sarah." Whether Sarah was the Christian name given to Bokavar or whether Israel Friend maintained both an Indian and a white wife is not known. He named the island given him by the Indi- ans "Two Wives." It is now known as Knott's Island. The Antietam Creek property became the site of Antietam Iron Works. During the next few years, Friend must have passed the spot where you have stopped as he ex- plored the Virginia side of the river. The fog drifting out of the spring probably gave the area an eerie quality, particularly if an In- dian companion showed him the numerous graves that surround the area. Perhaps Friend knew if it was an Indian burial ground or the site of a battle, but the reason for the large number of Indian graves has been long forgotten. Friend obtained the property on which you are standing from Gov- ernor Gooch of Virginia in October of 1734, at the same time that bet- ter known settlers like Morgan Morgan and Thomas Shepherd re- ceived their grants. His grant was average in size (about 300 acres) but it shape was unusual. If you were to continue on this road to- ward Harpers Ferry, you would have to travel about 5 miles along Friend's western boundary line be- fore you reached the end of his property, where the road to Eagle meets Bakerton Road. What was important enough about this area to make him buy five miles of riverbank? Iron ore and limestone. If you continue your journey, you can see what happened to both of these resources. The road bottoms out at River iron country. This area, now known as Glen Haven, was originally called Friend's Orebank. You are looking at what is left of one of the oldest, longest-operating iron ore quarries in West Virginia. Here, at the center of his prop- erty, Friend built a stone house around 1737. rt's still here, the roof visible through the trees on the right side of the road leading into Glen Haven. This is probably one of the oldest standing structures in Jefferson County. Israel Friend lived here about 15 years with his wife Sarah, his sons Jonas, Jacob, and Charles, his daughters Catherine and Mary and three female slaves. They didn't quarry stone or iron ore. In- stead, they raised horses, sheep, and cattle, grew hemp and flax, made honey and wove cloth. They MILEAGE #20C : i::::" watched the newcomers arrive, people named Harper, Moler, and Eagle who later made their own mark on the land. And then Israel Friend died. It's difficult to peer more than 200 years into the past and sum- marize a man's life from scraps of old court records. However, I'd like to think that bit of his character does emerge. He seems to have seen the promise that the land held, although he did not make use of the raw materials that lay be- neath the surface. He probably maintained his friendship with the Indians, for marked Indian graves appear on one of the old surveys. The appraisal of his estate in 1751 includes money scales, a fiddle, and a book called The Whole Duty of Man. His widow remarried and moved across the river to Antietam Creek. His sons sold their shares of the land and moved away, perhaps to join Israel's brother Charles upriver at Conococheague. Most of the family was gone by the time Indian allies of the French swept through the area, leaving burned homes and dead settlers in their wake. His daughter Mary re- mained, living in a cabin that was still standing early in the next cen- tury. The resting place of Israel Friend is unknown. Israel Friend never saw the ma- rauding Indians, or the gristmill, or the stone and iron ore quarries. He never met John Semple, the Scotsman who bought Friend's properties and the whole mountain across the river, who But that's another journey. And another story. BUDGET #200 l n n h "-- " Bend and then begins to climb Shutts, Kabletown, r~ece c wmcors w]cn c e ~aaries , Utz, Front Royal, Va when you reach the top ann look Penwells and Reade were Johnny. .'day visitors of the and Tnmmv Ott" nelnre-, R,qa into the chasm to your left, you TimmV Pe'nwel"l andCl~riss" ~"~i(]' have found Knott's and Flanagan's as, Flowing Springs y y me Sam and Amber Odo.n wp.r~ stone quames. They were m op- d SUMMER Dillow and Bubba, FoxSunda'-'-y visitors with-th----B'~c~ ru u eration for most of the 19th cen- - rIME FUNI, L be ~ tury, supplying building stone to Ill t~ ~ ~=5 Thursday visitors ofonger am mmuy. ~.~:" mother, Mary Ann Mindy Bosley, Charles Town, peop!e along thePotomac. The ~ ~ ~ m. ^~.~^. . ~-.^ . -.1. t.^ ioun{lation oz the White rlouse IS ~ p ~e Dillow, Sr Bolivar, was =:*~-,u~.=~ v~u, w,~, u~, said to be made from block hewn at ~ raY and Thursday evening "'UT'h~e'Sa~"m"5'de~nU;'were guests at this s.po. t. . . I A little further on, the road hot ~ ~th his parents, the Perry a cookout Sunday evening at the " ~ ~ ~'defferson Avenue. ham~ nf~h~rry C).~=n mnnnn. ' toms out again. The gap to your ~] I~ D ii~,in and Kathy Viands, --~nh'~-;'~d~n~v-A~"'~'Vt~nr~P-'~dAv, leR opens into Flanagan's quarry ~ L-I~ and the gravel road to your mght ~tI'Iill, were Friday visitors visitor with Annie Painter, while " Tim ~.'llard Otts and Jane. SAm And Amber Oden hosted runs past the foundation of a ~ L B=~== M-il~--:-~ -v- w--B -k--n- Flanagan house toward long-van- "~ I ". Fri(t 0den recently dined with nd Trac% Ha n, rod a d )0 t 0 r(acro~hta, the Donald Odens, at lsnea pot, Kilns rtere one stone was : : Zachery, of Brunswick, Md on Sat- ~ "l : ton S/g~L bnn . urday. Also visiting Saturday were burnt into lime. If you were to fol: !~ k #20231 ~n~nt~. ~ Jenkins was a wlon- Rr.c ha T.mmv I.nna.rh~.m mw the grave, road upnm, you a !~ ~. ,| H ~J~her guest with her daugh- and Cynthia and Valerie Hintonfind the heart of Bakerton, the and da quarry started by the Baker broth vv?[~YDodson, last Monday in ughters. Kathy Oden, ers in 1888 The noise and dust: RECIPIENT OF THE CHRYSLER 5-STAR AWARD FOR EXCELLENCE t~}~he also dined there on, Shenandoah North, visited the . . ~h;~e Odens on Thursday evening and activity are gone now. Cobalt- ~ "---- -----'- ~ ~ tt~day" Gall Oden Fox Glen was a blue water fills the quarry almost ~ ~ ~,~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ [ II 2010 Kelly island HOa l and Jeannie Chapman "=~Sday visitors with theW~'~"-~--y ,s":'~'*. ~+^. ^~ r~^- to the top of the upper tunnels. Amm~~== m ~ II BL B Martinsburg, WV ,stored);LL . and Esther Oden En~le developer renamed this Crystal mm- m~Wl w.-- ,m~,~,~ ~,~,m~,~-- ~m~eal2? ankswasaMonday rrvt he 'o ~hedathof Lake If you live here, it's still the CHR SLER- LYMOUTH Ell Esther Christine Flood, of Philadelphia, Bakerton Quarry. ~ " II~en ~ ] 4 ann *~,~,~ ~,~,r~ 4 aoo o~= =4c4 ~:;~ewT~yth Oden at Eagle. So o ar f e P ~ :eg.~y and Linda Mahoney, Pc. she was the former Christine Back on the road to Harpers ~ .lll~;l~r ~ ,-uvv-L--,a-;#,~o~ i-~,~-u~,~'o=~i ~ocker;, ~ I'Iei hts r Wiley, daughter of Charles and " Ferry, continue uphill until the ":~'~-~a * g,we e Wednesday Cora Wiley Mannin~s She leaves road flattens out. Cleared land == ~--" Itching~) Press=~"mY visit rs with the Perryaadparents';erve ,n.intrac~ .::'Mai~ayBackMa~adenkins, ~,-c (~% Were and night weekend Heather visitor Martinsburg, the guests Kidwell, with Philip her of " ~~Pbi~i i~i ~q~!ePhu~ e P~ ~ ~r~ rmer~ u~n~n~/ I e~t~O~l'O L~rOup ~iinO!i ~Uulr rR:~g S'~;e;;'ffandparents, the Perry ,S-uites!~:r~13 r~.Desk; t Kuhn, of Ohio, was a Millville. 7's ors; ~,~iC, visitor with the Millard ~ Come In And Meet Our New Management Team - We re Dealn J )r; Asst Jane. The Otts had Eas- ;abine e,r Saturday and guests Miller Mitsubishi Continues To Be Under The Same Local Ownership With A Brand New Management Team See The Difference.' ! ;t. potS,: t h.Y and Martin Viands, Get No Money Down, No Payments For 90 Days And No Interest For 36 Months On All In Stock 1999 And 2000 Mitsubishi Cars And Trucks. i ~.a~illard Otts. as the .~Lloyd, Leetown, w, ~ i l I i I i I I I i ' ~ | ' II ,* ~es!!~i xrede, Fox Glen, spent Bask~ With her grandparents' ~}~ ~1 [ IPaymentsl IPrices / I d-ell~"d Odens" ' ' ~ II I~. I // I. / El I ?~e:se~ birthday wisnes go out In! Are ~O;~'I~Lo Ruby Ott, April 26, Ii I I / V I ' lt~Ewn, April 29. =, ~'~ tladay dinner guests oft 'y / il :~r ainter, Jr and Angle ~" I ~1~ ~ ~ c~, g'MiXiP~e"d- ~'~e Lloyd,daughter'TammyKirsten'painter, ~ /.-~" ~ l -, !1 PAYMENTS i ! n rs; ~ell'r"i"rSelf4~land Dustin' D na]d(~rayer'a list are Dater, / " !"7 I nd Annie Painter nTMOaPrcPR2D2fER i I I Ve des! -.-- -- -- p, I e#(EST ! ;Se'VVC~'~-~ Robert 0 FOR so I FOR H - | ners;.~'~ tt, Patty Ott, Sarah Realtors recognized Mary Ellen ~ ~ i,] [ I -- -,-v IllNJr~lJ~(~i & .~' Ellen Viands and Vernon Mahoney of the Charles Town of- i i ii !'. -" ~ ~ - 7 "~ rice with membership in its ~ ~l i i ~:~ ~~ ights.; ' ' I "'< Chairman s Club. The member- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ " '~~"":' kml :~"visit rswiththeMillard ship requirements are based onI ~i i ! ii Oo:a Oarper Sheli, sales volume in a given year. Only II il i i HI Ii ' ctor ( M Ka ct0r d.( rina, Faye See and five percent of all Long & Foster,- E II,I I I II " " ~ii~hnee~i.rl~Od:~Br;:; agents in the entire Mid-Atlantic .~l Ill,ll, ,F- ~ " region hold this prestigious posi- " I Ii I I I I;: . : tion. Mahoney was also inducted in ' ' ' Wurr, In Now - Ends Monda MIu 1 2000 ' to the Lifetime President s Club of,~ AN MIT el HI IN ST K. 36 l i ~ ~ "SUBJECT TO TRIPLE DIAMOND CREDIT APPROVAL THROUGH MITSUBISHI MOTOR CREDIT ON ANY NEW 999 D 2000 SU S OC ,h/s "lations. Q: to Merle'and I '" " '' " ' ' Long & Foster. - t MONTHLY PAYMENTS OF $27.78 PER MONTH FOR EACH $I,000 FINANCED AT 0% A,P.R. FIRST PAYMENT DUE 90 DAYS FROM DATE OF CONTRACT. Z~U'^'=~ Zi'~V~'=caSt their 49th wedding On March 23, the Board of Real- t ~, MUST TAKE RE'fAlL DELIVERY FROM DEALER STOCK AND CONTRACT MUST BE SIGNED BY PROGRAM END DATE OF MAY 1,2000. TAXES. TITLE AND m,~ Y~ pril 20 kl m. i :41 :TAGS NOT INCLUDED $99 PROCESSING FEE EXTRA tOES la n 2~qnuai lop rroaucers HI I ~' " " ads, Bloomery, was a Dinner, Mahoney was recognized ',I mm Bill I ~lll/ & tor with the Charles as one of the Top Producers for the "; I f n lLiCR i ~|BIB [ B~IIBL.~ ~ 1~li/3UUI31"ll ~,~i~ght visitors with Sa- Eastern Panhandle. She is also a ~'"! I lii II h~m~ HOTORS, member of the Hall of Fame as : - I mEDial II n~--m ~m : Ik- u- lind drlP e" ~"K awell and Renee, Contact her at the Long & Fos- ":"~ ~ YourY' Sat, sfact,ong Is P '-24~l:~'llandT ny.Ellenvi" ter Realtors Charles Town Office. - u oau VII'J. . Ul~J~lj ~3"~ 1:7:~d Mrs. Brian Reid and 12 Jefl~erson Crossing or call 304- II 2934 Vallev Avenue Winchester, VA 22601 888-875-5151 725-7000 or 800-922-9209. '~ ' ' iri'ii ' i i' i ' --