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Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
Charles Town, West Virginia
January 24, 2018     Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate
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January 24, 2018

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PAGE A2 r ,T , Vvednesdax January 24, 2018 NEWS SPIRIT of JEFFERSON and FARMER'S ADVOCATE. "No government ought to be without censors and where the press is free, no one ever will." -- Thomas Jefferson of JEFFERSON '~ND~ARMER'S ADVOCAI'E WHAT'S INS|DE Advocate A6 Obituaries A8, A9 Special advertising section A10 Sports B1 Community Calendar B4 Classifieds, crossword B5 Legals B6 Health ~ B8 Life B10 Out & About B10 Publisher ROBERT SNYDER Managing editor Advertising CHRISTINE SNYDER MARY BURNS editor@ mary @ 304-725-2046, ext. 222 304-725-2046, ext. 223 Office manager CAllA YOUNG soj of-ficemanager @ gmail .corn 304-725-2046, ext. 221 Sports reporter ZACH CUMBERLAND 304-725-2046, ext. 229 BRENDA WOODWARD GRISHAM brenda@ 304-725-2046, ext. 224 Graphic designers SHARON SNYDER 304-725-2046, ext. 227 GREG STAUB 304-725-2046, ext. 226 Serving our community since 1844 Published Wednesdays by The Jefferson Publishing Co. Inc a local, family-owned company Winner, West Virginia Press Association 2017 General Excellence ( Third place) Visit us: 114 N. Charles St Charles Town Send mail: P.O. Box 966, Charles Town 25414 Phone: 304-725-2046 Fax: 304-728-6856 spiritofjefferson.eom See a mistake? The Spirit of Jefferson wants to promptly and thoroughly correct all errors that appear in these pages or our website online. Bring such matters to the attention of Christine Snyder ( or 304-725-2046, ext. 222) as quickly as possible. Didn't get your paper? Call office manager Cara Young, 304-725-2046, ext. 221. e e Tonight's courts forum kicks off civic engagement talks CHARLES TOWN - Basic ::::::: :::::::: civic engagement is on the rise, making now a more infor- mation out to citizens, ac- cording to Ray Smock, the director of the Byrd Center for Congressio- nal History and Educa- perfect time to put Ray Smock tion in Shepherdstown. "With [tonight's] event, we wanted to shift the focus to pro- vide an opportunity for Jefferson County residents to learn more about how their local govern- ment functions and the duties their local elected officials are tasked with," explains Smock, formerly the U.S. House of Representatives Historian. He describes the gather- ing that begins at 7 pan. at the historic Fisherman's Hall in Charles Town as "a friendly, in- formative and non-partisan en- vironment." Tonight's event will feature Prosecutor Matt Harvey, Sheriff Pete Dougherty, circuit court and family court judges and other lo- cal court officials. A second fo- rum being planned for March is aimed at giving residents a bet- ter understanding of the coun- ty's administrative officials. Besides Shepherd, other part- ners on the series include the League of Women Voters of Jefferson County, the Jefferson County branch of the NAACP; the county's Republican and Democratic parties, the Liber- tarian Party and the state affdi- ate of the Green Party known as the Mountain Party. Organizers say panelists will discuss the duties and responsi- bilities of their offices, not any specific political hot topics. Neal Barkus, a Shepherdstown resident with more than four de- iiiiii!iiiiii!i! !ii !i!i !!i l tciiil iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii [ii{'ii > cades of ex- perience as a lawyer, will moder- ate tonight's session. The forum " will help citizens learn more Neal Barkus about the im- portant roles that the county's elected public officials play in the community, organizers say. Officials will discuss their jobs then entertain questions both from the organizers and those in the audience. The seeds for tonight's forum came late last year when several civic events were held at the Rob- ert C. Byrd Center for Congres- sional History and Education. "The success of the fall events revealed that interest in basic civic education is on the rise, es- pecially at the state and federal level," Smock said, The mission of the Byrd Center for Congressional History is "to advance representative democra- cy by promoting a better under- standing of the Congress and the Constitution through programs and research that engage citizens in the history of Congress." MATTERS ' ~" "r ~" "T~ ~"'~ DOi:6 V ig"~ ~"~ ~ " /J m The first interstate in Jefferson County was U.S. Route 340, which came into Jefferson County across the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry on the old Bollman Bridge. The photograph includes a glimpse of the U.S. 340 road shield on the right bridge upright concealed by the long arm of the traffic barrier. Notice the directional arrow on the arm of the barrier which points traffic toward "FREDERICK." One thing leads to another. As long as horses and wagons were the popular con- veyance, roads were named for where they went. Here in Jefferson County be- cause we had a number of toil roads, we had a number of pikes - so named for the pole or pike which was used to im- pede progress until the appropriate toll was paid. We still drive on roads which are hold- overs from those days of yore - Kear- neysville Pike and Shepherdstown Pike to name just two. But when we drive from Charles Town to Rippon, we travel on "340," not the Berryville Pike. The transition from hooves to tires re- quired a number of changes. Most ob- viously, roads were gradually improved with the evolution of macadem and con- crete surfaces. The big paradigm shift was a gradual acceptance that roads weren't built and maintained just to get products to market or you to the courthouse. As touring by automobile became more pop- ular and road maps were introduced, the old system of identifying roads by place names became cumbersome. This was exacerbated by trail asso- ciations formed in the 1890s and ear- ly 1900s which created cross-country routes like the Victory Highway or the Lincoln Highway, both of which con- nected New York City to San Francisco. An increase in interstate traffic eventu- ally drew federal and state involvement and trail names gave way to route num- bers. West Virginia had a connection to this new chapter in the age of the automobile. In 1925, there was a nationwide agree- ment to replace local road names with a numbering system. The project was ad- ministered by the Joint Board on Inter- state Highways which was appointed by Howard Mason Gore, then the Secretary of Agriculture in under President Calvin Coolidge. After selecting members to the board, Gore announced that "the general public in traveling over the highways through .the several states encounters consider- able confusion because of the great vari- ety of direction signs and danger signs." He concluded by adding, "'This move is just another proof that the federal government in its cooperation with the states is doing a vital work which would not otherwise be accomplished if entire dependence were placed upon the states themselves." Gore was a businessman and farm- er from Clarksburg in Harrison County, and in March 1925 resigned as the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture to become gov- ernor of West Virginia. As affirmation of his support for highways, during his ten- ure as governor, Gore was referred to as the "road building governor." The first interstate in Jefferson Coun- ty was U.S. Route 340, which came into Jefferson County across the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry on the old Boll- man Bridge. U.S. 340 came off the Potomac River bridge and onto Shenandoah Street. One block west, the highway turned right and exited Harpers Ferry on what is now High Street. Workers tackle the expansion of the old Berryville Pike to become the county's first interstate highway. See more photos given to the Jefferson County Museum by Rippon resident June Adams on Page A7. Proceeding through.Bolivar, at Boliv Heights 340 continued past the preser/rz day Jefferson County Convention afi Visitors Bureau. It got to the top of AII'- stadt's Hill near the old Cliffside Motel (where delicious rum rolls were serv l in the restaurant) and meandered west Charles Town following the old route the Harpers Ferry-.Charlestown-Smit field Turnpike. In Charles Town, 340 followed Was ington Street and left town on We2St Street on its way to Rippon. The change of course was necessita - ed by the requirement that to qualify federal funding, U.S. 340 had to be inte state. The Harpers Ferry-Charlestowm Smithfield Turnpike followed preser , day W.Va. 51 and remained in West ginia. The old Berryville Pike connected its namesake to Charles Town, thus isfying the condition that the road link with another state. The photographs with this article wdre given to the Jefferson County Museuf " by June Adams. The designation of U.S. 340 as an (See HISTORY Page I you family. Become a subscriber! [] In-state $36 for 52 weeks [] 0ut-of-state $38 for 52 weeks [] E-edition $19.95 for 52 weeks NAME STREET OR PO Box CITY, STATE, ZiP PHONE OR EMAIL [] Check [] Money order Credit Card # CC exp. date CC security code Send this form and payment to Spirit of Jefferson P.O. Box 966, Charles Town, WV25414